Period 4 SPICE Analysis
An Analysis of the Cultural Aspects of Period 4 Topics
The art of this time is considered by many to be some of the greatest art in history. Steady quality paintings were being made, ranging from The Mona Lisa, to the Sistine Chapel, to Pieta. Its no wonder, with so many of the famous artists from the Renaissance period (Michelangelo, Donattello, Da Vinci, Raphael, Bruegel the The Elder, and countless more), that it was considered the golden age of art; Not to mention literature's revival of literature in Shakespeare.
The Columbian Exchange
Martin Luther was a young professor of scripture. He objected the practices of indulgence, and rejected money and physical things for more spiritual fulfillment in prayer and study. He found inspiration to pursue more spiritually in his faith by a passage in a letter of Saint Pauls that made the claim that salvation should not come from 'doing certain things' but rather from religious faith. Luther agreed, believing that preachers emphasized the donations moreso than the genuineness of the actions, and that this was not how one should go about doing things. His argument was taken as opposition by the pope and the church attempted to silence him. However, this only inspired him to take it even further, sparking the protestant reformation, a revolution of ideas. Martin said that the Christian belief should be base off of the word of God in the bible, as opposed to the authority of a pope. This definitely upset the pope and the Catholic clergy, more decisively dividing the two beliefs into two separate divisions: Protestant and Catholicism. The religions of these times impactfully changed the culture of not only Italy and Europe, but the whole Old world and as a result, the New World as well.
Ottomans also began opening up to technologies and mathematics that were previously untouched. Books on the Sciences and Mathematics were being written and churned out. Thanks to scientifically-minded rulers such as Mehmet II, interest in Astronomy, Medicine, Philosophy, Mathematics, and Geography increased exponentially.