Harmandir

"The Golden Temple"

Amritsar, Punjab

The Golden Temple, or Harmandir, is located in Amritsar, Punjab. It is the main place of worship for the Sikhs. Sikhism is the most popular religion in Punjab. It was founded in the 15th century by Guru Nanak. It is the 5th largest religion in the world with about 3 million Sikhs. Punjab is the only place in the world with a majority Sikh population.



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The Golden Temple from across the water at night

The Golden Temple

The "Golden Temple" was built in 1604. It's formal name is Harmandir but it is commonly know as the "Golden Temple" because of the gold exterior. It is considered one of the most holy and blessed places in India and it is also said that Buddha, on his journey to find the true meaning of life, spent a lot of time in this place. It is a symbol of human brotherhood and equality.

Did You Know...

The Golden Temple was built a level lower than the surrounding land level, and it has four entrances on each of the four sides to symbolize that everyone is equally welcome from all directions.
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The Golden Temple from a distance

Symbols of The Golden Temple

The Golden Temple has many symbols. The entire temple, which is a sacred place of Sikhs to worship, symbolizes the faith and strength of all Sikhs. The word Harmandir means the temple of God. The pool around the temple is said the be holey water, and is called the "pool of holey nectar" and it is said the people would bathe in that water to cleans the soul every morning and night.


Did you Know...

The entire top of the temple is made of pure gold!

Works Sited

Birtannica Encyclopedia. "Amritsar." Encyclopedia Birtannica Article. April 23, 2013 <http://school.eb.com/comptons/article-9316252>

Sacred Destinations. "Golden Temple of Amritsar." sacred-destinations.com. 29 April 2013

<http://www.sacred-destinations.com/india/golden-temple-of-amritsar>

Famous Wonders. "Golden Temple of Amritsar." famouswonders.com. 29 April 2013

<http://famouswonders.com/golden-temple-of-amritsar/>