Ancient Mesopotamia

By: Kailyn Terry

Geographer

Location

Mesopotamia is located between the Tigris and the Euphrates river. Mesopotamia means "An ancient region of southwestern Asia in present day Iraq". Mesopotamia has a very dry climate. It has very little rain. It is basically a desert in a way. Mesopotamia is also located in what is now Iraq. It is located 7000 miles away from Elm City Middle School.

HISTORIAN

Civilizations

A long time ago in northern mesopotamia, the Sumer, Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrians civilizations made mesopotamia their home.

Hammurabi Laws

4) If any one steal the minor son of another, he shall be put to death.

140) If he be a freed man he shall give her one-third of a Mina of gold.

195) If a son strike his father, his hands shall be hewn off.

200) If a man knock out the teeth of his equal, his teeth shall be knocked out.

212) If this woman die, he shall pay half a Mina.

252) If he a mans slave, he shall pay one-third of a Mina.


Importance

***Hammurabi made the first written set of laws with the first Sumerian written cuniform. It is what some countries base their laws off today . Although it is changed up because it punished almost every crime oth death.

Requirements of a civilizations

* urban revolution

* new political and military structures

*social structure based on economic power

* the development of complex technology

* development of writing

* distinct religious structure

* new forms of artistic and cultural activity

The story of Gilgamesh

King Gilgamesh and the Cedar forest- King Gilgamesh and his friend enkidu became bored one day so they decided they would go across the flat plains to the distant mountains to get some wood from the cedar forests. Everyone in Uruk had heard of the stories of the demon Humbaba who lived in the cedar forests. Gilgamesh and enkidu were determined and happy about getting to see the demon. They got there in fifteen days. They had finally got there, so they stopped for the night and made an offering to the sun god shamesh. When the got to the top of the mountain they didn't meet the demon t first. As soon they got close to the trees and layed an axe on the tree, out came the demon. The demon threaten to kill them. They summoned the thirteen great winds with the help of the sun god shamesh. They both killed the demon, and brought the cedar back to Uruk.

Agriculturalist

People settled along the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, natural wildlife and vegetation kept them fed while they began to build their new world. It didn't rain much so farmers learned to use irrigation to water their crops.

The Mashkan-shapir collapse

Scientist believe the collapsed was caused in part by destruction of the fields by mineral salts.

What they ate

The rich people ate unleavened bread, and drank large amount of beer. People also drank cows milk and cooked vegetable stews. Also most fruits and pistachio nuts.

Why they lived close to body of waters

They lived closed to bodies of water so they could ship goods easily. They could also catch fish for food. They could get their goods faster, and if they needed water desperately.

Steps to Farm In Mesopotamia

1-Local officials decide when to let water flow onto crops

2-Farmers let animals graze in soil to trample and eat weeds.

3-Farmers break up the soil using hand tools

4-Spread seeds and plow

5-Plant seeds

6-Harvest the plants

Archaeologist

Hanging Gardens Of Babylon

It was the only one of the wonders that may have been legendary. They were attributed to the neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar 2. It is said that he constructed the garden to please his homesick wife. Although no ruins have been found, very detailed documentation of the gardens has been discovered. Nebuchadezzar had many other amazing structures build during his rule of Babylon so it is very likely that the hanging gardens really existed

Cuniform

Cuniform-Denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, ect.



Classes

Slave- When the Sumerians conquered another town, they brought prisoners back with them to act as slaves.

Upperclass- Men and women wore jewelry, especially rings. Men wore skirts and had long hair, curly moustaches, and long beards.

Lower class- In ancient Sumer, people were paid for their work. If they ran a shop or worked in the fields, they were paid for their goods or labor.

Priests- The priests were powerful. They were in charge of making sure everyone behaved in a way that would make the gods happy.

Ziggurat

They were basically temples. The purpose for them were, From the top of the Ziggurat you could see the protective wall built about the entire town, and over the wall to the farmlands beyond.