The Rocky Mountain Horse

October 18, 2012 by Mariah

History of the Rocky Mountain Horse


The Rocky Mountain horse was based on a legend around the 1980's. A family traveling in Kentucky had traded their colt, it was "used to breed local saddle mares, and due to the small area in which he was bred, a local strain of horse originated ("Rocky Mountain Horse" [11]). This tells how the Rocky Mountain horse was created. The horse had a "chocolate color and flaxen mane and tail"(" Rocky Mountain horse" 1.). The word flaxen means a yellowish pale color. This is the color of the Rocky Mountain horse but there is a variety of colors that the horse can be.This horse was not just a ordinary horse it had a great gait, and was gentle and friendly ("Rocky Mountain Horse" 1). The nature of the horse could be why many people like the Rocky Mountain Horse. A man named Sam Tuttle noticed these characteristics and decided to further improve the horse so he produced a horse named Tobe, he was known as the first Rocky Mountain horse ("History of Breeds" 1).

Characteristics of the Rocky Mountain Horse


The Rocky Mountain horse is medium size about 14.2 to 16 (56.8-64 in) hands tall and weighs up to 1,000 lbs (Rena Sherwood 1). Though the Rocky Mountain horse was a medium size horse it could get really heavy. The Rocky Mountain is greatly known for it's great four-beat gait which is useful in moving around in the Appalachian Mountain's where it originated ("History of the Rocky Mountain Horse" 1). There gait also helps them to move around faster. The horse has a thick mane and tail and a straight face (Sherwood 2). Many people let there mane grow long. The horse also has great endurance and a gentle nature ("History of the Rocky Mountain Horse" 1). Many of these characteristics could explain why it is becoming more popular in competitions, especially the four-beat gait.

Rocky Mountain Horse Uses

The Rocky Mountain horse was used for many things. They were used for herding cattle,plowing and pulling buggies ("History of Breed" 3). Since they could be used for many things they could have been really popular back then.The Rocky Mountain horse could basically be used for anything. They could be used seasonal because they are cold-blooded( "History of Breed" 2). They needed little shelter since they were cold-blooded. Also their unique gait allows them to move around easier Today, they are used in competitions and pleasure riding("History of Breed" 3).


The Rocky Mountain horse is examined when it is 23 months old or older ("Rocky Mountain horse Association" 1). The horse is examined in many areas both physical and mental. The horse must have the four-beat gait, have the standard color, and the right height (14.2-16 hands) ("Rocky Mountain Horse Association" 1). The horse had to be judged strictly. Also the horse must have a lab done to tell the percentage of Rocky Mountain horse that is actually in it ("Rocky Mountain Horse Association" 1). The lab majorly effected whether the horse was really considered a Rocky Mountain horse.

Rocky Mountain horse facts

There are many facts about the Rocky Mountain Horse. The Rocky Mountain horse is widely known for it's gait. Each of there hooves hits the ground separately, this helps them to travel farther without losing to much energy ("What is a Rocky" 1). This characteristic could also be why they might have been popular. The Rocky Mountain horse also has a long life span ("Rocky Mountain Horse, Horse Breed info" 1). They are rare because only 15,000 are registered ("What is a Rocky" 1). A rare breed could be in a great demand.

Rocky Mountain Horse Health

The Rocky Mountain horse has a genetic disease. The disease is called Anterior Segment Dysgenesis a.k.a (ASD) (Victoria Jones 1). This is the only genetic disease they have. Not all Rocky Mountain Horses have the ASD disease. This disease can cause them to have trouble seeing when moving from a light area to a dark area (Jones 1). The disease can affect them in a variety of ways though. The horse can be born with it or within four months can get it, after 4 months it can no longer get it ( Jones 1). 48% of the tested Rocky Mountain horses showed some sign of ASD (Jones 1). About half of the Rocky Mountain horses can have the ASD disease.


  1. "History of the Rocky Mountain Horse." Cedar Grove Farm. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <>.

2. Jones, Victoria. "About the Anterior Segment Dysgenesis (ASD) in Rocky Mountain Horses." Rosebud River Ranch . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <>.

3. "Rocky Mountain Horse Association." Mountain Magic Ranch. N.p., 2012. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <>.

4. "Rocky Mountain Horse Horse Breed Information." Puzzle Designs, 2009. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <>.

5. "Rocky Mountain Horse." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Oct. 2012. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <>.

6. Sherwood, Rena. "Rocky Mountain Horse Breed Information." EHow. Demand Media, 17 Sept. 2009. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <>.

7. "What Is a Rocky." Rocky Mountain Horse Facts, Romance Valley Farm of AR. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <>.