World War 1

By: Theresa Cobb

Causes of the War

Nationalism

This was one of the causes because the Bosnians and the Serbians were extremely nationalistic and the Bosnians wanted to separate from Austria-Hungary to join Serbia.


Militarism

Britain had the strongest military and navy during this time and Germany decided to rival Britain’s force and create a military and navy that could defeat Britain’s.


Imperialism

Britain had the largest amount of land and other countries wanted to take land in different areas such as Britain had a strong hold on China but Germany, France and the U.S. wanted to take some of China as well.


Alliances

In 1914 France and Germany became Alliances and France joined Britain and Russia and formed the Triple Entente. Then Germany joined Austria-Hungary and Italy called the Triple allies/ Central powers.


Assassination

Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a member of the Black Hand which was a terrorist group that revolted against Austrian rule.

Quick Facts and Key Words About WW1

- WW1 started in 1914 and ended in 1918

- Central Forces- The Central Forces included Germany, and Austria-Hungary and later on gained the help of Bulgaria.

- Triple Alliance- The Triple Alliance consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.

- Triple Entente- Consisted of Russia, Britain, and France.

- Allied Powers- The Allied Powers included Russia, Britain, and France in the beginning of WW1 and later on gathered Belgium, Greece, Japan, Romania, and Canada. The U.S never officially joined but fought against the Central Powers as well.

Artifacts From WW1

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Songs

The soldiers of WWI in every troop would sing and create songs to entertain themselves and lift their morale in the trenches. The songs tended to take the soldiers minds of the war and give them a break. The song “Pack up your troubles” by Murray Johnson is one othe the examples of their songs. (The lyrics can be found in the link)
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Poison Gases

Poisonous gas in WWI can be traced back to 1915 when the first trace of tear gas was used and fell upon the Russian lines; this type of gas at the time did not work completely but gave other areas ideas to create the same kind of gas. In April of 1915 the Germans developed chlorine gas and used it on thousands of the French for the first time; many deaths occurred because of no protection from the invention of gas masks and suffocation from the gas.

Battles of WW1

Battle of Verdun

The Battle Of Verdun (1916) was important because on each side (Germany and France) they both lost a lot of men; 540,000 French and 430,000 Germans soldiers died during this battle which ended in a standstill with neither side gaining any advantage over the other so it was a seemingly pointless and bloody fight.

The Battles of Marne

The Germans were quickly gaining the advantage by advancing throughout Belgium and France. This created distraught throughout the French army. The British Expeditionary Force and the French troops were sent to put a stop to Germany’s advantages. The Battles of Marne (1914 and 1918) was significant because it was the first Allied victory of WW1.

The Battle of Ypres

The Battles Of Ypres (1914, 1915, and 1917) was significant because the world was introduced to chlorine gas made by the Germans. There were three battles, the first battle the Allies won, the second and third battle was a standstill.

The Battle Of Somme

4: The Battle of Somme (1916) was considered the most deadliest battles of WWI and Somme became known for its useless deaths because the Allies only gained about 6 miles in 141 days of horrible manslaughter. However in the end, the British was able to win the battle.

The Battle of Cambrai

5: The Battle of Cambrai (1917) was significant because marked the first large scale use of tanks during ww1. With the use of the new technology the British was able to win the battle.

Important People of WW1

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Alfred Von Tripitz

Born in 1849 Alfrred Von Tirtpitz at first was the commander of the Prussian army. In 1895 he became Secretary of State for the Imperial Navy in 1897. During this time he was very interested in making the German task force larger. He was always trying to improve and enlarge the German Navy so that it could be better or rival Britain’s. With that being said he was then promoted to the Commander of the German Navy. When he could no longer make the fleet grow because of the constraints put on the unrestricted submarine warfare policy he saw that he couldn't continue improving the Navy. He retired in 1916 and then later on died in Ebenhausen, near Munich, on 6 March 1930.

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Alexander Samsonov

Born in 1858 Samsonov was giving control over the Russian Military. His first big mission was in East Prussia with the First Army of about 150,000 troops and a partner Paul Von Rennenkampf. This mission went horrible because of the bad communication that was between the Stavka headquarters and his own partner (Paul Von Reenekampf) which led to his army becoming circled by the British army. They then killed some and only 10,000 men were able to escape the British. Ashamed that he failed he killed himself in 1914.

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Gavrilo Princip

Born in 1894 Princip seemingly was the cherry on top when it comes the causes of WW1. Princip joined the secret group the Black Hand. He was then sent to kill the Archduke Franz Ferdinand by the commander of the Black Hand. Princip failed the first mission to kill the Archduke but just so happened to see him again. Franz Ferdinand’s happened to take the wrong route and drove up to the street cafe that Princip happen to be at; Princip then took aim and shot the Archduke and his wife. Princip was the seized and put on trial. He was sent to be imprisoned for twenty years but died before his sentence because of tuberculosis in 1918.

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Franz Ferdinand

Born in 1863, Franz Ferdinand was the Austrian Archduke. While he was in power he tried to fix the relationship between Austria and Russia while also having an alliance with Germany. Later on he was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip in 1914.

Citations

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2: World War One Music. Pack Up Your Troubles Sung By Murray Johnson. Lyrics And Free MP3 Download." World War One Music. Pack Up Your Troubles Sung By Murray Johnson. Lyrics And Free MP3 Download. Web. 28 Apr. 2016. <http://www.ww1photos.com/PackUpYouTroublesInYourOldKitBag.html>.

3: "12 Technological Advancements of World War I." Mental Floss. Web. 28 Apr. 2016. <http://mentalfloss.com/article/31882/12-technological-advancements-world-war-i>.

4: Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 29 Apr. 2016. <http://www.biography.com/people/franz-ferdinand-9300680>.

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7: World War.com. Web. 29 Apr. 2016. <http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/tirpitz.htm>.

8: Specs and Pictures - Navy Warships and Submarines." HMS Campania (1914). Web. 29 Apr. 2016. <http://www.militaryfactory.com/ships/detail.asp?ship_id=HMS-Campania-1914>.

9: http://eandt.theiet.org/magazine/2014/06/links-for-victory.cfm

10: Center: Image Archives | Great War Photographs | WW1 World War One Photos." WWI Resource Center: Image Archives | Great War Photographs | WW1 World War One Photos. Web. 29 Apr. 2016. <http://www.vlib.us/wwi/resources/archives/imarchive.html>.

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13:Information." Primary Facts – Interesting Information for Kids, Pupils, Parents and Teachers. Web. 29 Apr. 2016. <http://primaryfacts.com/1645/world-war-1-facts-and-information/>.

14: Deadly Was the Poison Gas of WW1?" BBC News. Web. 29 Apr. 2016. <http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-31042472>.

15: Was It so Significant?" The Week UK. Web. 29 Apr. 2016. <http://www.theweek.co.uk/65478/battle-of-the-somme-why-was-it-so-significant>.