World Religions

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Buddism

  • Buddhist people focus on finding the true meaning and nature if life through self meditation
  • They have no personal God
  • Religion says a person is born over and over again, and they have to suffer through many lives(reincarnation)
  • Started 2500 years ago
  • Based on Siddhartha Gautama's journey to find enlightenment
  • It is a monotheistic religion
  • God: Buddha
  • Dalai Lama is head of Buddhist monks in Tibet
  • Dharma Day: when Gautama become enlightened


What is Buddhism? How is it Distinctive from other religions?

Hinduism

  • Is regarded as the oldest living religion
  • Doesn't have a single God
  • Has many Gods: Shiva, Lakshmi, Brahma, Ganesh
  • Believes in cycle of birth and death due to karma
  • Is polytheistic religion
  • Has no single leader or founder
  • Holy Books: Vedas
  • There are four of them which were written thousands of years ago
  • Related to Sikhism, Jainism, and buddhism
  • 900 million Hindus worldwide
  • Diwali: most commonly celebrated festival
  • Festival of lights



Buddha and Ashoka: Crash Course World History #6

Christianity

  • Is world's largest religion with over 2 billion followers
  • Is monotheistic religion
  • Believe Jesus is son of God who was sent down to Earth to save humans from the consequences of their sins
  • Believe God has three parts
  • Holy Book: Bible, which contains both Old and New Testaments
  • Started when Jesus gave his life on the cross and resurrected later
  • Worship in churches
  • Religious leaders are called priests or ministers
  • MaJor Holidays: Christmas and Easter


What is Christianity?

Islam

  • Is religion based in Mecca, Arabia
  • Believe that the Prophet Muhammed sent people down to Earth to teach people how to live
  • Monotheistic
  • God: Allah
  • Holy Book: Quran
  • Is 1400 years old
  • There are five pillars that give an outline of how to live a good life
  • Muslims think religion always existed, but it was dated from when Muhammed migrated
  • Ramadan: when Quran was revealed and gates to heaven are open
  • Muslims fast during daylight hour in the ninth month of the Islam Calendar, which is when Ramadan takes place
  • Go to pray in Mosques


Islam, the Quran, and the Five Pillars All Without a Flamewar: Crash Course World History #13

Judaism

  • One of oldest monotheistic religions
  • Founded by Moses 3500 years ago in the Middle East
  • God: Abraham
  • Has 13.1 million followers around the world
  • Mostly live in U.S. and Israel
  • Believe there is only one God whom with they have a covenant
  • Holy Book: Torah
  • In exchange for all the good God has done for humans, Jews follow God's rules and bring holiness to all parts of their lives
  • Spiritual leaders are called Rabbis
  • Go to pray in synangogues


Judaism: Inside the Torah - National Geographic