Chinese Schools Of Thought

By. Alexia Newkirk


The goal of confucianism was to reform society by showing Princes and Duke how to covern wisely. The ruler directed the government but was responsible for the welfare of the people. Whatever the leaders  or government did the people followed, Confucianism encouraged indivisuals to participate in society.Quote: " Do not do to others what you do not wish yourself".


Buddhism was first brought to China from India by missionaries and traders along the Silk Road that connected China with Europe in the late Han Dynasty (202 BC - 220 AD). Indian Buddhism was already over 500 years old, but the faith didn't begin to flourish in China until the decline of the Han Dynasty and an end to its strict Confucian beliefs.Quote: "Diffused to China via the Silk Road".


 Legalism  was one of the main philosophic currents during the Warring States Period (and before), although the term itself was invented in the Han dynasty and thus does not refer to an organized 'school' of thought. It basically postulates that humans are evil and need to be controlled using laws in order to prevent chaos. The trends that were later called Legalism have a common focus on strengthening the political power of the ruler, of which law is only one partQuote: " Strong government deters violence"

Taoism (Daoism)

Daoism is one of China’s major religions indigenous to the country. The primary belief is in learning and practicing “The Way” (Dao) which is the ultimate truth to the universe. Also known as Taoism, Daoism traces its roots to 6th Century BC Chinese philosopher Laozi wrote the iconic book Dao De Jing on the tenets of the Dao. Quote: " The best government governs the least."