Potala Palace, Tibet

Anna D.

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Location

The Potala Palace also known as the Bùdála Gong is located atop a mountain in the Lhasa Valley in Tibet. The Mountains landscape is rough with rock and somewhat vibrant with green trees, bushes, and weeds. Although nature around the Palace does change within the environmental conditions.
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HIstory

In 641 CE Tubo Kingdom Ruler Songtsan Gambo Built the magnificent Potala Palace for princess Wencheng of the tang Dynasty, but a sudden mishap during a war burnt Palace to the ground and luckily was rebuilt during the seventeenth century by fifth of Dalai Lama. Expansions and Repairs were added in 1945.

Two parts of the Palace known as the (Potrang Karpo) white palace was built in 1948. And the (Potrang Marpo) red palace was built between 1990 - 1994.

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Description of Potala Palace

The Potala Palace lies on the Red Hill Mountain 3,700 meters above sea level, with a span of 360,000 square meters covering the entire Potala Palace area. Only 270 meters make up the north and south end of the palace and 360 meters from east to west.

The Palace is 13 stories high (117 meters high) and it has more than 1,000 rooms.

Mainly the Potala palace consists of wood and stone, the walls are granite and the roof have beautiful carvings about Buddhism.

Most of the Potala Palace artwork has 698 murals on the wall and long corridors describing tibet's history, and Tangkas in which are religious figures, Buddhist doctrines and crafts explaining Ttibetan life.

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Map of Potala Palace

History

In 641 BC Tubo King Songstan Gambo built the Potala Palace for the marriage of Wencheng princess of the Tang dynasty. But with constant war, the Palace burnt down and was then rebuilt by the fifth of Dalai lama in the seventeenth century. Expansions and repairs were done on the palace through 1645.
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Dahlia Lama Stupas

Dahlia Lama

After the constant war of the fall of the Potala Palace and tubo king, in the 17th century The Dahlia Lama rebuilt palace but also had help from the Qing Empire. By moving a government known as the Drepung Monastery to the Palace it gave it the power to become the center of Buddhism for Tibet.

Red Palace

The Red Palace is know for being a house of prayer dedicated to the study and advancement in Buddhism. It has chambers to worship Buddha and eight large stupas standing tall, in which all contain the fifth of dalai lama all covered in a gold foil. The Potala Palace is sacred for tibetan Buddhism in which the Red palace consists of a complicated layout of buddhist halls, libraries, chapels, jeweled work, several shrines and tombs of the eight Dahlia Lama.

White Palace

The white Palace is the main office mainly to deal with Buddhist affairs. The white Palace contains the quarters of all the Dahlia Lama, also temples, halls, courtyards, carpets, canopies, curtains, porcelain and jade. Both Palaces collect Sculptures, murals, and culture relics.

Works Cited

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