bereft benevolent

Etymology study

bereft

1. word origin

<bereave>

before 900; Middle English bereven, Old English berēafian; cognate with

Dutch berooven, German berauben, Gothic biraubōn. See be-, reave

2. roots


Form of bereaved;compare,leave and left.

3.dictionary definition

  • verb-a simple past tense and past participle of bereave
  • adjective-deprived
<bereave>

verb (used with object), bereaved or bereft, bereaving.


  • to deprive and make desolate, especially by death (usually followedby of):
ex) Illness bereaved them of their mother.
  • to deprive ruthlessly or by force (usually followed by of):


ex) The war bereaved them of their home.


  • Obsolete. to take away by violence.

4. definition/explanation in student's own words

completely without any hope.

feeling very sad and lonely.

5.prefixes/suffixes

It is composed of the archaic prefix be-, which we also see in because,believe, and bemuse.The prefix is clipped onto the root reaf, which goes back to Proto-Indo-European reup- "snatch". The suffix -ian is the the infinitive ending, long since lost. Reup- became raubon "rob" in Old Germanic, whence French borrowed it as rober "rob", adding its infinitive suffix, -er. English then borrowed it back from French as rob, giving us two words (rob and bereave) for the price of one.

6. synonyms

beggared,bereaved,devoid

7. parts of speech

  • verb
  • adjective

8. pronunciation

(bĭ-rĕft′)

(bɪˈrɛft)

9. visual representation

Big image

10. sentences

  • He is bereft of joy.
  • War bereft us of our home.

Benevolent

1. word origin

1425-75; late Middle English <Latin benevolent-(stem of benevolens) kindhearted (bene+vol-wish(akin to will) + -ent )

2. roots

root: bene= good + evol= wish

3. dictionary definition

adjective

  1. characterized by or expressing goodwill or kindly feelings;
  2. desiring to help others ;charitable
  3. intended for benefits rather than profit

4. definition/explanation in students own words

kind and generous

5. prefixes/suffixes

prefixes; bene, ben

suffixes; lent, ent

6. synonyms

good,kind,humane

7. parts of speech

adjective

  • adverb;benevolently, nonbenevolently
  • noun; benevolentness
  • adjective; nonbenevolent, pseudobenevolent


8. pronunciation

[buh-nev-uh-luh nt]

9. visual representation

Big image

10. sentences

  • If you have a great person in charge then a benevolent dictator is wonderful.

  • They are often characterized as benevolent.