Life in the 20s

1920s Music

As the 1920s rolled around, new music came with it. One type of music that came about was Jazz, and with this new music, new dances came along as well. Jazz became very big in the mid 1920s and marching bands. This became the main form of entertainment in the 1920s. The 1920s were also the prime years for Broadway, with over 50 new musicals coming out in just 1 season. Music impacted life in the 20s by giving people new things to listen to and experience.
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Nativism is the political position of demanding a favored status for certain established inhabitants of a nation as compared to wants of newcomers or immigrants.The Federalist Party in 1798 passed the Alien and Sedition Acts which lengthened the citizenship process to 14 years to weaken the political role of radical immigrants from France and Ireland.

In the 1920s the KKK moved beyond just targeting blacks, and broadened its message of hate to include Catholics, Jews and foreigners. By the middle of the decade, estimates for national membership in this secret organization ranged from three million to as high as eight million KKK members

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Warren G. Harding was the 29th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1921 until his death on August 2, 1923. In historical rankings of U.S Presidents, Harding is rated among one of the worst.

The Teapot Dome Scandal was a bribery incident that took place in the United States from 1921 to 1922, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding.

The Kellogg-Briand Pact is a 1928 international agreement in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve and disputes or conflicts of whatever nature they may be.

Political Cartoons are illustrations or comic strips containing a political or social message usually relating to current events.

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Court Cases

The Red Scare refers to the fear of communism in the United States. It is said that there are over 150,000 anarchists or communist in the United States during the 1920s.

The Palmer Raids were a series of raids by the United States Department of Justice intended to capture, arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States. The raids and arrests occurred in November 1919 and January 1920 under the leadership of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer.

Sacco and Vanzetti were arrested in May 1920 and were charged with robbery in which 2 guards were killed. Both of these men were Italian and both spoke very little English. They went to trial and 61 people say they saw both of the men at the scene of the crime but 107 people say they saw the men else where when the crime was commited. Regardless, both men were found guilty and spent 7 years in prison. They both died of execution by the electric chair.

Schenck vs. United States is a United States Supreme Court decision concerning enforcement of the Espionage Act of 1917 during World War 1. A unanimous Supreme Court, in a famous opinion by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., concluded that defendants who distributed leaflets to draft-age men, urging resistance to induction, could be convicted of an attempt to obstruct the draft, a criminal offense.

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Scopes Monkey Trial

John T. Scopes was a teacher in Dayton, Tennessee who was charged on May 5, 1925 for violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which prohibited the teaching of evolution in Tennessee schools. He was found guilty in the "Scopes Trials" and was fined $100.

Clarence Darrow was an American lawyer and the leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union. Darrow was best known for defending teenage thrill killers Leopold and Loeb in their trial for murdering 14 year old Robert Franks.

William J. Bryan was an American orator and politician from Nebraska, and a dominant force in the populist wing of the Democratic Party, standing three times as the Party's candidate for President of the United States. He was also the 41st United States Secretary of State.

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Aviation in the 20's

By now, wooden planes are long gone and now planes are being made from more reliable resources such as metal. On February 22, 1920 the first transcontinental arrives in New York from San Francisco. In May of 1923, two Army pilots made the first nonstop transcontinental flight across the United States. This 2,500 mile flight, from New York to California, was made in 27 hours at an average speed of 93 mph.
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Farmers in the 20's

Farming did not do well in the 1920s. US agriculture had expanded during the First World War to sell food to Europe, but afterwards countries returned to growing their own a grain. The expansion had led to over-production and now there was too much food on the market. Farmers found it more and more difficult to sell their produce.

Economy in the 20's

The 1920s are a period of vigorous, vital economic growth. It marks the first truly modern decade and dramatic economic developments are found in those years. There is a rapid adoption of the automobile to the detriment of passenger rail travel. Though suburbs had been growing since the late nineteenth century their growth had been tied to rail or trolley access and this was limited to the largest cities.

Controversial Issues in the 20's

The prohibition began on January 29, 1919. People originally thought that the prohibition would only ban hard alcohol. When people discovered that beer and wine were also made illegal there was a huge disagreement. By 1933 the law to ban alcohol was repealed because crime had gone up and criminals were benefiting from it. I believe that they should have never repealed the law. Although many people were dying, even more people die per year due to alcohol poisoning and many cancers caused by drinking. It makes no sense to legalize something that kills people, purley because they were dying from it when it was illegal.

Political Cartoon

In this political cartoon the picture shows a tall man dancing with criminals. The man in the middle is most likely Uncle Sam. All men are dressed nice suggesting that they made a lot of money off of the prohibition. The words depression are on the ground and it seems as if they are dancing on the words, kinda of like they're laughing at the people who are suffering.
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