Illegal Immigration

By: Jack Becker

Essential Questions

  • What do Americans feel is the problem with illegal immigration?
  • Can we solve illegal immigration?

Background

  • Many people argue that illegal immigration poses an unacceptable security risk in the post-9/11 era. Others blame illegal immigrants for a variety of social ills including crime, unemployment, and low wages. They also argue that illegal immigrants are a drain on public resources for communities that have to pay for their schooling, health care, and other social services.
  • Others argue that most illegal immigrants are hardworking and meritorious individuals who pay more in taxes than they consume in services and who are being unfairly blamed for various social problems.
  • People violate immigration laws when entering the United States in several ways. One is to simply sneak into the United States without any documentation or permission. Many migrants cross somewhere along the United States’ 1,955-mile border with Mexico, while others stow away on ships or cross over the United States’ northern border with Canada.
  • Roughly two out of three illegal immigrants in the United States come from Mexico, according to an analysis of 2000 US Census data. Many of the remaining immigrants come from countries in Central and South America. They also come from China, the Philippines, India, and Korea.
  • Illegal immigration has become one of the most contentious and emotionally charged issues facing US political leaders. Many people argue that illegal immigration poses an unacceptable security risk in the post-9/11 era.

Causes

  • While it initially earned praise for its grassroots response to a national concern, infighting has diminished the effectiveness of the Minutemen's efforts.
  • “We can end illegal immigration,” argued former New York mayor Rudy Giuliani while campaigning for president in 2007. “The technology exists to do it, the people exist to do it. Now we need the political leadershipand will to get it done.”
  • Illegal immigrants come to the USA for jobs, education, security, and overall a better life
  • Declining membership and a lack of funds eventually sapped the group's strength, reducing its success in securing the border between the United States and Mexico.
  • The weak fencing along with the illegal immigrants desire of a better life are the main causes of illegal immigration

Effects

  • Complaints about illegal immigrants often center on two disputed assertions: that illegal immigrants take jobs from Americans because they are willing to work for lower wages, and that illegal immigration results in significant social welfare costs.
  • Despite these claims, immigrant rights activist Anne Carr argues that immigrants commit crimes as often as American citizens, a fact “true of both legal and illegal immigrants
  • September 11, 2001, should have been the shrillest and most imperious alarm bell of all. A solid eighty percent of those polled by CBS-New York Times immediately after the trade center bombings agreed that it is too easy for foreigners to enter the U.S. Of the nineteen known hijackers, fifteen entered with visas through legal ports of entry, though a number overstayed. Some were admitted despite being flagged somewhere in federal lookout databases. Several entered on stolen passports.
  • This moment of public alarm and shifting perceptions in an endangered nation calls for an assessment of major immigration ID and tracking systems—existing or proposed—to determine how they might be strengthened to meet the threat, put into place more quickly, or moved forward from the recommendation stage
  • Subsidizing illegal immigrants' medical care, schooling, and housing is a billions of dollars per year proposition. The burdens on the hospitals have been extraordinary and the costs staggering.

Final Thoughts

My final thoughts on this topic is that illegal immigration must be stopped to strengthen homeland security from terrorism. even if illegal commit as many crimes as average american citizens they still came here illegally. “We can end illegal immigration,” argued former New York mayor Rudy Giuliani while campaigning for president in 2007. “The technology exists to do it, the people exist to do it. Now we need the political leadership and will to get it done.”

Citations

  • "Illegal Immigrants." Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2015. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 10 Dec. 2015.

  • "Emigration and Immigration." Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2014. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 8 Dec. 2015.


  • Neiwert, David. "The Minutemen Have Not Helped to Secure the Border." Should the U.S. Close Its Borders? Ed. David Haugen, Susan Musser, and Kacy Lovelace. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2010. At Issue. Rpt. from "The Fence to Nowhere." American Prospect 19 (22 Sept. 2008): 16-19.Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 15 Dec. 2015.

  • "Sign Warning That Illegal Immigrants Could Be Crossing Freeway." UPI Photo Collection. 2009.Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 15 Dec. 2015.

  • Simcox, David. "Immigration Control Must Be Strengthened to Protect Against Terrorism." National Security. Ed. Laura K. Egendorf. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2003. At Issue. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 16 Dec. 2015.

  • Thompson, Art. "Illegal Immigration Hurts the Economy." Immigration. Ed. David M. Haugen, Susan Musser, and Kacy Lovelace. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2009. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Real Solutions for the Economy: Stop Illegal Immigration." John Birch Society. 2008. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 16 Dec. 2015.

  • "Sign Warning that Illegal Immigrants Could Be Crossing Freeway." UPI Photo Collection. 2009.Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 16 Dec. 2015.

  • "Illegal Immigrants in U.S. Tops 10 Million." UPI Photo Collection. 2009. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 16 Dec. 2015.

  • "Arizona Immigration Law Protest." Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010.Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 16 Dec. 2015.