Trojan Times

January 2021

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By Madison Boatright

Martin Luther King Junior was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta Georgia. Martin Luther King JR. It was not his birth name, it was Mitchell.Mitchell was named after his dad. When Mitchell was only five years old his father changed his and his son’s name to Martin. Martin Luther king Junior had an older sister named WillieAnd a younger brother named Alfred. When mine was a young one of his best friends was a white boy. White and Black people have to go to different schools. When the boys turned six years old the white boy’s father told him that he can’t be friends with Martin anymore. Mine went home and told his mom about his terrible day. After dinner the whole King family had a long talk about how white people are treated very differently than Black people. When Martin was growing up he started to become more aware of all the problems Black people face, but there were signs and bathrooms and water fountains restaurants that read whites only. Mine was a very intelligent boy, he loved to read and make speeches. He studied very hard which made it a possibility for him to skip two grades and only 15 years old he was finished with high school. The summer of Martin’s graduation he started working in Connecticut. It was the first time he was ever in the north. Might have a job in the tobacco fields. He was surprised to see how different life was for the blacks in the north. Black and white children were able to go to the same school. Morning I’m back to Atlanta to attend Morris College where his father had studies. All the school was black all the teachers wear black too. Martin Luther king Junior wanted to help people so he thought maybe he would follow in his father‘s footsteps and become a minister or maybe become a lawyer. In 1948 graduated from college he was only 19. Mine’s father wanted him to stay at his church. But my aunt wanted to continue his education in September he enrolled at crozer theological seminary. 1951 Martin graduated. Then to grow his education even more so he started to study at Boston University technology in Boston Martin met Coretta Scott. Coretta grew up in Alabama but she was in Boston to study to be a singer. After only an hour and Martin’s first date with her he knew he wanted to marry her one day. He was right and she even 18th 1953 they got married at the Scott’s home in Alabama in Boston.

Eight Interesting Facts In January

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By Chloe McGowan

2020 was one difficult rollercoaster of a year to get through, and I think we can all agree that we’re glad it's over. From the start of the pandemic to the crazy politics happening all across the U.S., January was a refreshing month to be in. Not only is January perfect for beginning our New Year's Resolutions, but it also has a lot of history within its time period of thirty one days. Unfortunately, history gets overlooked a lot, especially when it happened in months like these.

Therefore, I would like to share eight interesting January history facts worth remembering for the first month of 2021.

1. January 3, 1959, Alaska was finally admitted as the 49th U.S. state, and its land mass was almost one fifth the size of the lower 48 states put together.

2. January 15, 1870, is the date of the first use of the Donkey to represent the Democratic Party in America. It appeared in a cartoon in a newspaper titled Harper’s Weekly, which had the purpose of criticizing former secretary of war, Edwin Stanton.

3. On January 20, 1945, Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated to an unprecedented fourth term as president of the U.S.. Roosevelt had served since 1933.

4) January 24, 1848, is the day the California gold rush began with an accidental discovery of the gold near Coloma during a construction project of a Sutter’s sawmill. An announcement was made later in the year, and it quickly became a national sensation.

5) On January 28, 1915, the U.S. Coast Guard was established by an Act of Congress, which combined the Life Saving Service and the Revenue Cutter Service.

6) January 31st, 1919 is the birthday of baseball legend, Jackie Robinson. He was born in Cairo, Georgia, and was the first African American to play professional baseball.

7) January 7, 1782 is the date that the first ever U.S. commercial bank opened as the Bank of North America in Philadelphia.

8) January 18, 1966 is the day that Robert Clifton Weaver was signed into the cabinet, becoming the first even African American cabinet member. He became President Lyndon B. Johnson’s Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

There are many, many more facts hidden in every month and day, and it is a shame that they get overlooked. Hopefully, this encouraged many others to learn about history, and how a seemingly normal date could be important.

In School or Remote: Which is Better?

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By Amber Lohman

We all know that Covid-19 has brought many changes to our lives. Many businesses have shut down, and those that are still running are completely different than they were before the pandemic. Much more of our daily tasks are done online and from home. Very rarely are we able to visit friends and family. But one of the most intensive changes has come to schools. Obviously a place filled with hundreds, sometimes thousands of kids is going to have to change. Having 20 to 30 kids in a room all clumped together just isn’t safe. But there are many different ways to protect these students and slow the spread of the virus, and many opinions on how we should do so. The big question is: Which is better, in school or remote learning?

When it comes to school, the most important thing is that kids are learning in a way that works best for them. Not only should students be understanding lessons, but they should be enjoying themselves while they do so to cause less stress. This will, in turn, help them learn and remember lessons more efficiently. We sent out a survey to students at Chesterton Middle School about their experiences in school and remote. This survey showed that about 79% of students prefer in school learning to remote learning. Similarly, a majority of people, about 65%, said that they also get better grades in person. It is easy to see that in school learning is better for education, and is more liked by students. But when it comes to a world-wide pandemic, the most important thing is safety.

We know that remote learning is safer than in person learning, but by how much? To know that, we will have to look at the statistics. Since the beginning of the school year, there have been 339 Covid-19 cases in the school district. Only 52 of these cases, or 15%, were from remote students. The amount of in school students contracting the virus is massively larger than those remote students, with 266 cases throughout all of the schools, or 78% of the total cases. (The rest of the cases being from other circumstances). Remote learning is definitely the safest choice to keep students from contracting Covid-19.

Hot Coco Bombs

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By Phoenix Bridegroom

Have you ever heard of a hot chocolate bomb? Now if you love hot chocolate, then you should keep reading this article. These “bombs” have all the rage over social media. A hot chocolate bomb is a chocolate sphere made entirely out of chocolate with cocoa powder and other goodies in the middle. You can get all sorts of flavors like dark chocolate, mint, peppermint, and many other delicious flavors too. My favorite coco bomb was milk chocolate filled with cocoa and marshmallows! You can get them from bakeries basically anywhere. You can even make them yourself! Click here if you want to experience making them yourself Now for the people who just want to experience drinking the bomb, just go to your local bakery and grab one to go. Wait, do you put milk or water in the bombs? The best thing about it is you can put either. This will let those lactose intolerant people taste that warm chocolate feeling. I’m telling you these things are the bomb!

The History of New Year's Resolution

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By Logan Arthur

The new year brings many different things to mind. People may think about what they did last year or what they could do better next year. For most people, new year’s resolutions are a big part of the new year. Ambitious goals that everybody makes that they try to make happen during the next year, but does anybody know who started them. Here is the history of new year’s resolutions.

New year’s resolutions started a very long time ago. The ancient Babylonians are said to be the first people to create new year’s resolutions. They were also the first people to hold a new year’s celebration, but it wasn’t in January. They celebrated New Years in March! They celebrated it in March because that was when all of the crops were planted. During the 12 day festival that they had, they would make promises to their god. If they kept their promises, the god would give them favor. If they didn’t keep their promises, they would be on the god’s bad side which they didn’t want to be on.

Something similar also used to happen during the rule of Julius Caesar. He was actually one of the first people who made January first the beginning of the new year. January was also named for a Roman god so it was very important to Julius Caesar and the Romans. The Romans, like the Babylonians, made promises to their god for the next year. Also like the Babylonians, if they didn’t keep their promises, they would be in big trouble with their god.

Even though new year’s resolutions started off being strictly religious, they have grown into a thing that is used all over the world. Here is a fact that might shock you. Results from a recent study have shown that 45% of Americans make resolutions but only 8% actually complete them! So if you are wanting to make a new year’s resolution, keep the simple and something you can do. Good Luck!


Inauguration, What is it?

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By Megan Hartley

The Inauguration was on January 20th 2021. A inauguration is described as a transfer of power from the about to be former president to the president to be.

Who is going to win the super bowl CMS?

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Dr. Martin Luther King in Indiana

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By Mr. Tudor

Martin Luther King arrived onto the civil rights movement in 1955 with his Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott. This revolutionary act began with one Rosa Parks nobly protesting her deserved place on the front of a city bus. The movement launched a wave of change headed by its quietly dignified leader Martin Luther King. Indiana was no stranger to civil rights injustices within the African American communities and King's movement landed squarely on Hoosier soil a few times. In 1958, MLK arrived in Indianapolis to speak at a downtown YMCA but the growing crowd forced a location change to the now razed Cadle Tabernacle. A crowd of nearly 4,000 people attended and he eloquently stated, "we must learn to live together as brothers, or we will die as fools." His real push was to end segregation. He saw it as a nicer form of slavery with no place in a truly free democracy like America. MLK also came a bit closer to our neck of the woods with visits to Goshen College in 1960 (pic above) and Manchester College in 1968. His Goshen College speech was chalked full of Gandhi techniques of non-violent demonstration, since he had just spent a couple months in India learning from the Mahatma's life. Sadly, Kings visit to Manchester College (now university) would be his last college address given he was assassinated later that year in Memphis, Tennessee.

Not quite directly related to MLK, but below you will find a preview of a documentary on the legendary Crispus Attucks High School in Indianapolis. An eye opening tale of the life struggles of a people in our State Capital in the 1950's. It kind of gives context to why so many people were hopeful for change. A change that was spirited by a great man.

Attucks: The School That Opened a City -- Preview

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