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Designed by: Logan Gerrity

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History of the Railroads


The rail system was invented by George Stevenson in Great Britain. In the year 1827 the city of Baltimore which was the third largest U.S. city of the time who did not invest their money in the canal which resulted in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O Railroad) which competed with the Erie Canal for who could transport more. In 1863, one of the greatest feats of all history was the creation of the Continental Railroad. The Union Pacific and Central Pacific companies were to cross over mountains and meet each other halfway at a certain point (Promontory Point) in Utah where a final spike made of gold was laid and started the evolution of today's railways.


Advantages



  • Most Dependable
  • Most unaffected by weather
  • High Speeds for long distance



Disadvantages



  • Expensive to build
  • Unsuitable for small loads and distances
  • Timing is not as flexible



Inventors


The railroad was developed in England by a man named George Stephenson, The United States purchased their first locomotive engines from Stephenson Works in England. They also used the design of his rails.



Importance to ND


It opened the land to land seekers and people who wanted to settle on the prairie which the railroads made quicker and easier to travel to. It also allowed farmers to transport their crops to the eastern cities selling for more money than in North Dakota.




Importance to Settling the West


Railroads allowed people to cross the country at a very fast pace. It also allowed lots of cargo across the prairie. This led to more and more people heading west because they felt safer on train then they did traveling the trails on foot.

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