Figurative Language

By: Annie Guenter


A simile directly compares two things through connective words, usually being "like" or "as".

  • Example from The Scarlet Ibis: "He collapsed onto the grass like a half-empty flour sack."


A metaphor is a comparison between two nouns that does not use "like" or "as".
  • Example from The Hunger Games: "Katniss, The girl on fire."


Giving an object human-like qualities is called a personification.

  • Example from The Scarlet Ibis: "One morning in July a hurricane came out of the east, tipping over the oaks in the yard and splitting the limbs of the elm trees."


A hyperbole is an exaggerated statement or claim not meant to be taken literally.
  • Example from The Scarlet Ibis: "The teacher was a mother hen clucking over her chicks and watching out for them."


Alliteration is the repetition of a particular sound in a series of words and phrases.

  • Example from Hunger Games: "I noticed him, a boy with blond hair peering out from behind his mother's back."