American Times

Emalee Lively

Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand

The Archduke of Austria was assassinated in the streets of Sarajevo, Bosnia yesterday. His wife was killed by the same assassin. Some say that when she was shot she was shielding her husband from the second shot and was killed.

Two attempts were made on the Archduke's life yesterday. He was in Bosnia directing the Austrian Army Corps stationed there. During the morning a bomb was thrown at the car, but they escaped unhurt.

In the afternoon a Serb student fired a gun at the car killing both the Archduke and his wife. The student is a 19 year old Serb named Gravillo Princip. He is said to be involved with a group called the black hand.

Long term causes of the war...


Militarism-Policy of building up a strong military

Alliances-An agreement between two or more countries to help when needed

Nationalism-Extreme pride in one's country

Imperialism-One country takes over another

Assassination-Archduke Francis Ferdinand

Battle Plans

Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Triple Entente-France, Britain, Russia

The Schlieffen plan was the German plan of attack designed to defeat France quickly and then turn on Russia. It was intended to avoid a war on two fronts. However, the plan was based on a number of assumptions, and these turned out to be flawed. It was thought that Russia would take at least six weeks to mobilize. In reality Russia mobilized in just ten days. The German General Staff thought that Belgium would not resist any German attack. When Germany invaded on August 2, 1914 they were held up by the Belgium army, backed up by the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). It was also estimated that France could easily be defeated in six weeks. Backed by the British, the French managed to halt the German advance. The Germans thought that Britain would not fight. With the quick Russian mobilization, Germany was forced to withdraw troops from France defend her eastern border. Thus, the Schlieffen Plan failed because it was based on a number of assumptions that were flawed.


New Weaponry of the great war!

Some new weapons in which our boys are using include machine guns, airplanes, gas, and large field guns! Machine guns need 4-6 men to operate them, The large range guns require 12 men to fire it, the Germans were the first to use gas as a way of attack but now everyone one is using it, and the airplanes make it easier to move and scope out enemies coming. Lets all keep them in our minds while they are risking their lives for us.

The HORROR of trench warfare!!

Have you ever wanted to know what it's like to be in the trenches? Well today is your "not so" lucky day. the troops have it rough in the trenches they have to deal with shots being fired toward them all the time, worrying about gas attacks, sometimes they have to stay hunched over all day no breaks, they have to deal with bad smells from dead bodies, and many die from catching a disease. Can you imagine living like this? Well of course not so lets be appreciative of the soldiers fighting this battler for us.

What's a gas attack like?

A gas attack is probably the most feared by soldiers. Bullets are fatal but quick. Gas is feared so much because it is painful and drawn out over time. Experienced soldiers in the trenches would put their gas masks on but some of the "newbys" don't know when or can't get it on fast enough. When attacked by gas your eyes and throat burn, respiration becomes difficult and painful, the lips and mouth become covered with thick dry fur, and you get a severe headache. at this point you want to die because the pain is too much. Keep supporting the soldiers!!!