What is sports and the history of it ?
History of Sports
Sports have been the most popular form of recreation for people since time immemorial. To jot down the conclusive history of sports in a short summary is an impractical proposition. For gaining true insight, one needs to dig historically to reach every nook, corner and township in different parts of the globe. The scope and vastness of sports and its history make it impossible to point to a date that marks D-day in the world of sports.
The true spirit and recognition of sports at the international level took place with the introduction of Olympic games in Greece. Ancient Olympics refer to a legend called Hercules, son of Zeus, as being the founder of Olympic games. Written records point to first Olympic games being held in 776 BC. Historians believe that games were held much earlier than the recorded times. We have all heard about Coroebus who won the only sprint event held at the Olympics by running a distance of 192 meters.
Ancient Olympics had two major events—the Equestrian and the Pentathlon events and it later added events like jumping, running, wresting, javelin and discus (disc throwing). The Equestrian events introduced chariot racing and riding.
Olympic games were held every four years for around 1200 years. The Roman Emperor Theodosius banned Olympic events in 393 CE owing to the game’s pagan origin. Then during World War I and II, Olympic games suffered its worst. Some 1500 years later, the Olympic games found revival with serious efforts by a Frenchman called Pierre de Coubertin. His efforts to rouse sports enthusiasm in France were initially met with scepticism and controversy. However, Coubertin was not to give up his attempts so easily.
It was in 1890 that he established an organization called USFSA (Union des Sociétés Francaises de Sports Athlétiques). In a meeting of the USFSA in Paris on November 25, 1892, Coubertin voiced his desire to revive Olympic games with a popular speech. The speech did not invoke any serious interest. Two years later, in a meeting attended by 79 delegates from nine countries, he again proposed the idea and it arose interest this time. The delegates at the conference unanimously voted for hosting Olympic games and Athens was chosen as the venue to restart the events.
The Olympic Games, which originated in ancient Greece as many as 3,000 years ago, were revived in the late 19th century and have become the world's preeminent sporting competition. From the 8th century B.C. to the 4th century A.D., the Games were held every four years in Olympia, located in the western Peloponnese peninsula, in honor of the god Zeus. The first modern Olympics took place in 1896 in Athens, and featured 280 participants from 13 nations, competing in 43 events. Since 1994, the Summer and Winter Olympic Games have been held separately and have alternated every two years.
Modern day Olympic games include sport events like,
- Badminton, Baseball, Basketball, Beach Volleyball, Boxing
- Canoeing & Cycling,
- Fencing, Field Hockey,
- Gymnastics, Judo, Modern Pent, Mountain Biking,
- Rhythmic Gym, Rowing
- Sailing, Shooting, Soccer, Softball, Swimming, Swim,
- Table Tennis, Taekwondo, Team Handball, Tennis, Track & Field, Trampoline, Triathlon,
- Water Polo, Weightlifting, and Wrestling. some some of the locations and years the olypmics occured are
YEARS & VENUES !!
1904 St. Louis
1906 Athens (unofficial)
1916 Not held
1932 Los Angeles
1940 Not held
1944 Not held
1968 Mexico City
1984 Los Angeles
What is a sport , and how is it good for kids ?
Ideas for Exhibit !!
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