Genetics

By: Mark West II

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Traits/Heredity

Trait: distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one belonging to a person.


Heredity- the passing on of a physical or mental characteristic genetically from one generation to another

Dominant/Recessive

Dominant- the trait that is most likely to show

Recessive- the more rare of the two traits

Homozygous/Heterozygous

Homozygous- having identical alleles

Heterozygous- different alleles

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DNA & mRNA stand

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X-Linked disorders

These are disorders that are linked to the x-chromosome

DNA Replication- process

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Protein Synthesis

Transcription
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Translation

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Genetic Engineering

The process of manually adding DNA to an organism.

DNA fingerprinting

test to identify the genetic information- DNA
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Mitosis

Asexual

somatic cells

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Meiosis

sexual
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Gamete

reproductive cells that unite during fertilization.

Haploid and Diploid

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Gregor Mendel

German speaking scientist credited with the modern science of genetics due to his experiments with pea plants.

Watson and Crick

Discoverers of DNA.

Mutations

Substitution: replaces one base with another.

Insertion: an extra base is inserted into the DNA.

Deletion: a section of DNA is lost.