Period 5 1848-1877

Madeline Williams

Wilmot Proviso

David Wilmot wanted an appropriations bill to be amended that would forbid slavery from spreading to new territories.

The bill was defeated in the Senate.

Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny

Ostend Manifesto - 1854

President Polk wanted to purchase Cuba from Spain for $100 million, but Spain refused.

After Pierce was elected, three American diplomats were sent to Ostend, Belgium where secret negotiations to buy Spain were taking place.

This was leaked to the U.S. press and angered anti-slavery citizens.

Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854

With the new Kansas and Nebraska territories entering the U.S., the act stated that the issue of whether or not slavery would be legal in each territory would be decided by popular sovereignty.
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Crop-Lien System

With slavery abolished, sharecropping became a new form of servitude for freed slaves and even poor whites.

Sharecroppers were given their own piece of land to work, but still remained dependent on landowners.



The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed with intentions to make both pro-slavery and anti-slavery citizens pleased, but it only angered the free-soilers even more and resulted in outbreaks of violence known as "Bleeding Kansas."


The Crop-Lien System became dominant following the abolition of slavery and emerged as the new form of labor system as freed African Americans and whites worked land for a landlord and were given supplies and part of the crop in return.