Civil Rights Movement
By Demitra Hamilton
What Was Happening?
"Separate but equal" was not what it was supposed to be. Segregation in schools, restaurants, restrooms, buses, and everything else was not working. The facility's were very clearly not equal. The Civil Rights Movement is the reason blacks can now sit where they want on a bus without having to move or be arrested. This article will go more in depth with how the black community went about gaining their much deserved racial equality and desegregation.
A Closer Look
Now, during the Civil Rights Movement there were a lot of organizations formed and involved. One of those organizations, mentioned above, is the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). They were focused on organizing non-violent protests. Obviously, this organization began spreading through churches. Another organization that was key to the Civil Rights Movement was the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). They were more involved with the legal aspect of the issue. They were the people getting trials and pushing for laws to be changed. The NAACP was involved in the huge case, Brown vs. Board of Education. One more organization was the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). CORE also found non-violent protest to be a good way of gaining equality. They also began to look into the political side of things also. These organizations, along with many others were very important for making this country a more equal and just place for everybody.
Non-violent protest has been brought up a lot and here are just a few examples of ways they put that into action. In a picture below you see a group of blacks sitting at a counter. These were called sit-ins. Groups of blacks would go sit at the counters of restaurants and cafe's, where they were not allowed to sit, and not move. They would sometimes be beat by whites and they would still just sit there. They would sit until they were arrested and a new group would come and sit down right afterwards. This, along with other ways of protesting, made jails become very crowded. Another example was the Montgomery Bus Boycott. After Rosa Parks was arrested for not moving on a bus, the bus boycott began. Blacks stopped riding buses and found alternative ways of getting around. They were showing the bus companies how much money they would lose if blacks stopped riding buses. This was a way of trying to get buses desegregated. There were also many marches that were organized through towns and speeches that were given where activist were attacked, beaten, had dogs released on them, and even fire hoses turned on them. Still, they would not fight back.
All of these people, organizations, and events lead this country to where we are now. Racial equality and desegregation exists now because of the Civil Rights Movement. Even though it is still a struggle in some places, I can now sit next to people of a different race in my school without it being a problem. They now have equal rights and can do all the things anybody else can in this country.
Little Rock Nine
The Little Rock Nine were nine colored children that enrolled in Central High School after schools became desegregated. They were specially chosen to attend the school.
Colored people began going into cafe's and restaurants and siting at the counters which was not allowed. They would continue to sit there until they were forcefully removed by police. Another group of colored people would then sit at the counters.
Groups of whites and blacks would get on buses headed to the South to protest segregation in bus terminals. White protesters were violent towards the riders- attacking them, throwing things at the buses, and even setting the buses on fire.