Type 2 Diabetes

Author: Judah Williams Period:6

What it is...

Type 2 Diabetes is a very common type of diabetes. Its when your Insulin is resistant to your body (which means your body not using insulin properly). Insulin is a very important protein (hormone), its created in the pancreas and regulates glucose entering the cell. If your body becomes resistant, sugar goes into the blood stream and creates higher blood glucose levels than normal.

Professionals that could be of use to a diabetic...

-Nutritionist or dietician: Dietitians and nutritionists are experts in food and nutrition. They advise people on what to eat in order to lead a healthy lifestyle or achieve a specific health-related goal. This helps people with diabetes because in order to maintain your blood sugar at a balanced level you need to have a healthy diet/ eating plan.

-Podiatrist: A podiatrist is a doctor of podiatric medicine (DPM), also known as a podiatric physician or surgeon. Podiatrists diagnose and treat conditions of the foot, ankle, and related structures of the leg. Whenever you have diabetes you have to be worried about the lost of blood flow or nerves in your body. Usually when you start to loose nerves it starts off in your foot then gradually moves up the whole body, well podiatrist are the ones who catch first since they study the foot and are able to operate before you start to loose nerves in the rest of your body.

-Clinical Researcher:A clinical research associate (CRA) runs clinical trials to test drugs for their effectiveness, risks and benefits to ensure they are safe to allow on to the market. They may work on new as well as existing drugs and are usually employed by either a pharmaceutical company or a contract research organization (CRO) which works on behalf of pharmaceutical companies. This can make use to a diabetic because someone who has diabetes needs to have the right medicine for that person to feel better. So, if it weren't for them then the people with diabetes wont get what they need. They are also trying to find better drug therapy and cures for diabetes.

How can you help control diabetes...

Type 2 diabetes is never a good thing to have but you can always maintain it by eating right and exercising.

So how do blood glucose levels relate to type 2 diabetes? People with type 2 diabetes don't respond normally to insulin anymore, so glucose stays in the bloodstream and doesn't get into the cells. This causes blood glucose levels to go too high.

High blood sugar levels can make teens with type 2 diabetes feel sick, so their treatment plan involves keeping their blood sugar levels within a healthy range while making sure they grow and develop normally. To do that, they need to:

  • eat a healthy, balanced diet and follow a meal plan (especially low- glycemic)
  • get regular exercise
  • take medicines as prescribed
  • check blood sugar levels regularly