Breaking news!! Age of exploration
By Patricio, Santiago, Zan, and Chris
Interview with Bob the Sepoy
Reporter: I'm here live with a British sepoy who was directly affected by the colonization of the Europeans
Reporter: What is your name sir?
Sepoy: My name is Bob.
Reporter: Okay Bob, how was your life before the Europeans invaded your land apposed to now?
Bob: My fellow men lived happy lives but now we all are a part of the the army. There is also much discrimination against us by the British who control us.
Reporter: Wow. Your life stinks. How many sepoys contribute to the British army?
Bob: Contribute?? The sepoys make up about 300,000 men to the Brit's 50,000 at most. The sepoys pretty much are the army.
Reporter: Have any good things resulted from the invasion of your colony?
Bob: No when the Europeans invaded, there was lots of discrimination and maltreatment of the sepoys. Nothing good came of the Europeans arrival. They devastated our land and our people.
Reporter: I'm sorry to hear that. Well thank you coming to our little interview, we were happy to have you on our talk show!
Bob: Thank you for having me! Goodbye!
International news does not concern many people as much as local news does, but a lot of times international news has a lot more important things going on. Right now there are many newsworthy things going on worldwide, but one of the most important things is the Line of Demarcation. This was a line set by the Spanish born Pope Alexander VI that divides the non-European world into two. One side will be open to trade and exploration for Spain, and the other side open for Portugal. Although we are currently unaware as to who received the better side and more land, due to the fact that our maps aren’t exactly up to date. The Line’s official terms are written and agreed to in the Treaty of Tordesillas. This line being set is obviously big news in terms of trade and exploration, but it is also big for another reason. With this line set, Spain and Portugal will both obviously go and start to settle in the Americas, and this will undoubtedly get the rest of the world thinking about expanding as well. So with this line being set, this news station predicts that many countries will began to explore and expand. But while reading this one might think “What land will countries go to for expansion if the Americas are already taken?” But you must understand something, the authority behind this line is the pope, but not everyone follows the Pope’s rules because not everyone is Catholic. So with this new line, we predict that not only Spain and Portugal, but other non-Catholic countries will began to explore and expand as well.
Business in the Slave Trade
No matter how you look at it, slavery is a horrible institution. But despite being morally wrong, slavery still manages to bring in a lot of wealth and trade worldwide. Africa doesn't only trade slaves, they also trade gold, ivory, and hides; but slaves are a big part of it. Slavery first became a large trade resource between Africa and Europe when Portugal sent explorers into Africa. Once seeing the slave trade already in effect in Africa, Europe quickly joined in, buying and transporting slaves to all the wealthy families that could afford one. But since African countries already were trading slaves, the increased clients brought a lot more wealth to them too. But Africa isn’t the only place where the slave trade is occurring, trade between Africa, Europe, and the Americas has created a triangular trade. This trade system worked in a way that would get everyone what they have demand for. The cycle starts when merchant ships bring in European goods, such as guns, clothes, and cash, to Africa. These goods are exchanged for slaves in Africa. Next, the slaves are transported to the Americas, where they are exchanged for sugar, molasses, and other products that are manufactured on the plantations there. The merchant ships then bring back with them the sugar, molasses, cotton, furs, salt fish, and rum that they receive to Europe. Once back in Europe, the American goods are traded at profit for the European good that they will use to buy slaves for the next cycle. Using this cycle, massive amounts of goods, slaves, and wealth are shipped all over the world. So since slavery is still accepted at these times, the business associated with it is booming in this time of exploration.
Technology in the Age of Exploration
Essentially, the cross staff allowed you to determine your altitude while at sea as well as your latitude and longitude In the cross staff the man would line up the cross staff and the sea. The way to use this tool is by lining up the bottom half of the cross staff. Also the man must line up the top of the tool with the sun. The horizon is lined up with the bottom half Of the cross bar. Once you find the altitude and depth you can then mathematically find your latitude and longitude. At this tool's core, it helped sailors for latitude and longitude. This enabled them to navigate. This was made possible because of the scale that was on the graph. This was revolutionary because once you knew where you were, then you could travel to different places in the world. If you knew where you were than u knew where you could be.
After hearing about Magellan’s great tale, we became inspired to research other great explorers, so we then decided to research Christopher Columbus. Columbus was an Italian navigator from the town of Genoa. His goal as an explorer was to reach the East Indies by means of crossing the Atlantic. His plan to go around the globe seemed good to him but he greatly underestimated the Earth’s size, and the landmasses in his way (he had no idea of the Americas). With Portugal refusing to fund him, Columbus turned to the Spanish rulers Ferdinand and Isabella. They accepted to fund him, hoping his voyage would bring them more wealth and prestige. He then set voyage and sailed across the Atlantic, finding the Americas blocking his path. But he was unaware that he wasn’t in India, returning for several trips before he realized this.
The last explorer we researched was the Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama, who followed in the footsteps of the Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias. He led his four ships around the Cape of Good Hope (the southern tip of Africa), but he didn’t stop there. Vasco da Gama continued on past the tip and reached the city of Calicut in West India. There they acquired many spices and returned home. But the trip home was a harsh one, with many losses. But despite all of that, their journey still proved very profitable. He sold his acquired spices at great profit, with which he used to outfit a new fleet. With this new fleet he made a series of return voyages, leaving merchants behind in India who would buy spices when they were lowly priced and they would store them. He also forced a treaty on the ruler of Calicut and helped seize key ports all around India. Doing this da Gama was able to assert Portugal’s status as a world super power.
Travel in the Age of Exploration
Reporter: I'm here in the Philippines with Magellan to talk about the newly conquered country.
Reporter: as we know, magdalen, you have conquered the Philippines recently, tell us. Little bit about that, how did you conquer them so easily?
Magellan: Well first of all, the Philippines were not united properly. They were clustered and aggregated with the progress of the Spaniards. It only took us fifty years to completely colonize and name all of the cities. This has become a station for which people can start to spread religion from and Amazon asset to draw from later. The Spaniards were smart to try and conquer the Philippines because it was out of the way of the British and the Dutch (the two countries fighting for trading rights in India. This was a major positive for Spain because it became the main link between Spain's overseas trading empire. This shaped the trade in Spain.
Prentice Hall World History: The Modern Era