Grains

By: Megan Mueller (hour 7)

Foods In The Grains Group

There are many different foods in the grain group such as:

-bread

-oatmeal

-pasta

2 Sub Groups

Whole Grains- contain the whole grain kernel, which includes the the bran, germ, and endosperm

Refined Grains- have been milled which is a process that removes the bran and germ in order to give grains a finer texture

What Is An Ounce?

An ounce measured in grain is equivalent to:

- 1 slice of bread

- 1/2 cup of cooked rice

- 1 cup of cereal

Nutrients

Grains provide many nutrients to our body:

- iron

Iron is important to our body because it is used to carry oxygen in the blood.

- dietary fiber

Dietary Fiber is important to our body because it helps reduce blood cholesterol and lower heart disease, obesity, and type 2 diabetes.

- folate (Vitamin B)

Folate is important to our body because it helps form red blood cells.

Health Benefits

There are many benefits to eating grains:

- consuming whole grains as part of a healthy diet may reduce the risk of heart disease

- consuming foods containing fiber, such as whole grains, as part of a healthy diet, may reduce constipation

- eating whole grains may help with weight management

- eating grain products fortified with folate before and during pregnancy helps prevent neural tube defects during fetal development

Food Label

Whole Grains are listed as:

- brown rice

- oatmeal

- quinoa

- rolled oats

- wild rice

Food Label Tips

Two tips to use when reading food labels:

- look for the words "multi-grain" "100% wheat" to tell if it is not a whole-grain product on the food labels

- read the food labels to tell if it has any added sugars