Incas

by Emma

Edited by......... Ty Kirk, Addison Nowhak, Kylie Russ, and Alison Brannon.

Inca civilization

What was it like to live in an Inca empire?

Location & history of the Inca.

The Inca lived in the Andes Mountains located in South America. The capital of their large empire was Cuzco. Their home was a very harsh environment with mountains, valleys, desert and many thick forests. Pachacuti was a great Inca emperor that expanded the empire and created the official Inca language. The Inca's were thought to have around 12,000,000 people in their Empire. They did not have a written language but had a strong belief in traditional songs and stories.

llamas

The Inca used llamas for many different things. Llamas were a main source of wool and meat along with making it easier to transport goods to and from villages on their backs.

Inca's Acheviments

The Inca built temples and were awesome masons. They did not need any foundation or cement when building their temples because of their unique building style. They created many roads and massive walkways in between the villages to help with transportation. They also built bridges to help cross the rivers that may have blocked transportation.


The Inca were miners of gold and silver and they had many fields with maize(corn)and cotton. They used the cotton to make textiles(cloth) and were great at pottery, masks and jewelry making. They also used quipus to help in collecting data and keeping records.

Pictures on the Empire

Slide

Start at slide 28-40

Inca Civilization
MUSICA ANDINA (1 de 5).BOLIVIA-PERU-ECUADOR.Selección de Cecil Gonzalez de Chile

Social Scale

The Inca Empire was split into two main social classes.

Upper class

The Inca upper class had many privileges such as;


  • Stone houses in Cuzco
  • the best clothes
  • No Mita (to pay Taxes with labor)
  • Machu Pichu retreats ( Andes)


The citizens of the upper class consisted of The Emperor, Government officials and priests.

Lower class

The Inca lower class did not have the privileges of the upper class. In comparison to the upper class they had;


  • plain clothes that were not as well made
  • They had to follow Laws and couldn't own a surplus in food.
  • they had to pay Mita, taxes with labor


The citizens of the lower class were farmers, artists, and servants.