Swamp Lands

Andre Tavara

What are swamps all about??? Well let me tell you all about it!

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A Swamp is a ↓↓↓↓↓↓↓

A swamp is a wetland that is forested. Many swamps occur along large rivers where they are critically dependent upon natural water level fluctuations. Other swamps occur on the shores of large lakes.

Fauna

Many invertebrate species; large and diverse fish populations in swamps adjacent to rivers and lakes; many common amphibians and some reptiles depend on swamps for reproduction; considerable diversity of birds and mammals; rare and endangered birds and mammals most likely to occur in cypress swamps and mixed hardwood swamps.

Swamp Land Vegetation

About 100 species of trees, shrubs, and woody vines commonly found; river swamps most diverse and productive; cypress usually dominates in swamps with frequent fires and fluctuating water levels; high frequency of endemic epiphytes in south Florida swamps.

Human impacts

Drainage, filling, mining, logging, water pollution, invasion of human-introduced exotic plants such as Melaleuca; in south Florida, alteration of hydroperiod affects swamps rapidly and profoundly.

Swamp Substrates/Soil

Saturated with water for varying periods each year; amount of organic matter depends on length of saturation, source of water, and fire frequency.

Swamp Topography

Low-lying; along drainages, around lakes, and in small ponds.

Abiotics in Swamps

  • Water
  • Soil
  • Sun light
  • Tempature

Biotic in Swamps

  • Birds
  • Turtles
  • Fish
  • Algae
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