Agriculture Across the World

Thailand

What is agriculture?

Agriculture- the production of the food industry. This includes farming, veterinary medicine, breeding ext.


Purpose of the USDA

The USDA was founded in 1862 by Abraham Lincoln to expand federal powers over U.S. agriculture. Its intended purpose was to increase crop production and encourage new research new discoveries. Today the USDA strives to protect our natural resources, and provide a nutritious food supply for the U.S.


Food control and safety

Thailand's food industry is controlled by the Food Act B.E. 2522, which monitors the imports and exports throughout the country. It does this by monitoring ports containing meat, fruits, vegetables by permits or sanitary certificates.

Government

Thailand is ran by a constitutional monarchy, but includes a executive, legislative, and judicial branch. The current ruler of the royal family is King Phumiphon Adunyadet, put the countries representative is Prime Minister Yinglak Chinnawat.

Agriculture

Thai crops consist of rice, cassava, rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts and soybeans. Many farmers tend to have water buffalo, boars and various breeds of oxen including the gaurus hubbacki.


Common Animals and Welfare

  • Water buffalo
  • boars
  • ducks
  • oxen
  • cows
  • free range chickens
  • dogs


Thailand has an Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, whose mission is to monitor plant modification and provide animal welfare.

Society

  • Pop.- 67,448,120
  • Average household income- $10,300
  • Average family size- 3 members
  • Religious beliefs - Buddhism
  • Below poverty level- 13.8%
  • Years of Education - 12 years

Agricultural Policies

Thailand currently has several government agencies that are involved in biotechnology.
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
  • National Center of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
  • Ministry of Science and Technology

Even though there are several agencies are in charge of biotech planting regulations, there have been problems with control over legal planting.

Technology

Today and throughout 2016 Thailand is currently preparing for climate change throughout the region. To prepare they are engineering genetically modified crops to take less water. This type of technology will require breeders, physiologists, plant pathologists, and entomologists.

Common foods

Common Ingredients

-grass noodles

- brown rice

-curry paste

-coconut milk

-lemon grass

-galangai

-eggplant

-chinese cabbage

Common Ingredients

-Tom Yam Coong

-Pad Thai

-Kuay Tiew (noodle soup)

-Som Tam

-Gai Med Ma Moung (chicken cashew nuts)

-Geng Kheaw Wan Gai

-Tom Kha Gai

-Massaman Curry

-Khao Man Gai ( chicken and rice)

(Not too strange)

Economy

Thailand's economy mostly consist of exports of the following ; textiles, footwear, fishery productions, rice, rubber, jewelry, automobiles, computers, and electrical appliances.

Advantages- GDP has increased by 5% every year since the "Asian Crisis".

- Poverty levels have dropped from 42.6% to 13.8%

Disadvantages

- not every part of the region has had the rate change of household income