Tropical Rainforests!

By: Tobias and Justin

To start us off...

Have you ever wondered what a tropical rainforest biome would be like? Ever asked what animals or plants would live in this tropical biome? Then stay here because we will be giving out some facts to answer those questions in this report of tropical rainforests! (hey! what a coincidence )To start us off, we will give some fun facts of tropical rainforest, then we will talk about the plants and animals that live in this biome

What Tropical Rainforests are Like

Only 6% of all of earth is covered in tropical rainforest, which doesn't seem like very much. Unless you considered that a half of the world's plants and animals live in tropical rainforests. There is plenty of trees and plants that cover the tropical rainforest from top to bottom, and the plants even makes the roof of the tropical rainforest. Almost all tropical rainforests are near the equator, making this biome hot and humid, and as it says it in the name, there is lots of rain! Some tropical rainforest have dry seasons. There are 4 main stories in a tropical rainforest.(I will be explaining the levels by lowest to highest). The bottom layer is called the forest floor, where the floor is. It is very dark in that area and almost no plants that is fully grown live in this level, you might even see a giant anteater here. The second layer is called the understory. there is very little light here so the plants in this section have to have huge leaves to capture the sun. Jaguars, red eyed tree frogs, leopards, and lots of insects live in this level. The Third layer is called the canopy. This level is the main roof of the tropical rainforest. Most of the trees here have smooth leaves, which there is a lot of in this area. This is level is where most plants grow well in. Lots of animals live in this level, since there is lots of food. Some of these animals include snakes, tree frogs and toucans. The highest layer is called the Emergent layer. This is where the tallest of all of the trees in a tropical rainforest are found. there is plenty of sunlight and some of the trees can get up to 200 feet high! You can find monkeys and eagles in this level. There is around 50 to 260 inches of rain fall each year, the temperature is around 68-93 degrees fahrenheit, and humidity from 77%-88%. Tropical rainforest gives off 40% of the earth's oxygen, and 1/4 of all medicines come from rainforests as well too. For example, people who have lymphoctic leukemia have a 99% chance of the disease to go into remission because of the rose periwinkle. There is 1,400 different variety of tropical plants can have the potential to cure cancer.

Rain Forest life!

Rain forest Animals

Bengal tigers: These tigers are very good swimmers. They can be able to climb rainforest trees. Their colors help them blend into their environment.

Boa Constrictors: This animal can be able to get up to 10 feet long. This type of snake is not poisonous and prefer to eat smaller animals.

Chimpanzees: This animal is the closest (or relatives) to human kind. Chimpanzees are very smart, so smart that they can be able to make hunting tools. Also they sleep in nests.

Gorillas: This animal walks around on their knuckles. They are very smart(like chimpanzees). If they are trained by humans they can be able to learn sign language.

Red Eyed Tree frogs: These frogs like to walk on water or climb trees. These frogs also live in ponds, streams, and rivers.

Toucans: These birds have beaks twice the size of their body's.They have small wings and they build their nest in trees

Harpy Eagle: This bird is one of the largest bird in the world. They have 7 foot wing spans and they make alarming screeches.

Toco Toucans: This toucan is one of the largest toucans. They are 24-25 inches in length, their beak is 8 inches in length, and weigh 10-17 ounces. The blueness around their eye is not apart of their eye, its the skin.

Poison Dart frog: These frogs eat crickets, termites, ants, and fly's. They live near marshes, streams, and rivers. they can get up to 1-7 centimeters long.

Jaguar: This animal eats turtles, taipers, and deer. They can be 5-8 feet long.

Frilled Lizard: These lizards can be up to 7-14 inches long. They have a floppy like skin on their neck that when opened, scares enemies. Males are only 8 inches long. These lizard eats mostly insects and smaller lizards.

Emerald Tree Boa: These snakes can grow to be 7.5 feet long. They live in trees and shrubs near water. They catch their food with their long teeth and squeezes it's prey.

Sloths: This animal is a very slow moving mammal that lives upside down on trees. Actually they spend most of their lives upside down on trees, for example, sloths eat, sleep, and give birth upside down. They are active at night.

Assassin bug: These insects are killer insects that eat other bugs. First, they wait for their prey , then when it see's it's prey, it stabs the bug with its beak, and injects toxic chemicals to dissolve its prey's tissue. This bug has wings, and each kind of species has a different marking on its back or head.

African Gray Parrot: This type of parrot is a very talkative bird. People have said that they are considered the "Best of All Birds". This bird lives in huge flocks and can live up to 50-65 years.

Rain Forest Plants

Bengal Bamboo: This bamboo can get up to 40- 80 feet tall and does well in 40-100 degree temperatures. This plant has a dark green base and its leaves are green. Bamboo is not a tree or a bush, its actually a grass. This bamboo can live up to 25-40 years.

Curare: This plant is a vine which has heart shaped leaves that are 4-8 inches wide and long. These leaves are smooth on the top and fuzzy on the bottom. There are flowers on this plant and those flowers can produce fruit. Sometimes the Indians from South America crush the leaves from this plant and put it on the top of their arrows to hunt for wild game.

Coconut tree: This tree can get to 50-80 feet tall. Some types of palm tree's leaves can be 15-17 feet long. Some people think that the palm tree is a symbol of love and romance. There are many different types of palm trees, but the smallest is the dwarf palm tree. Some of the bigger trees can be able to produce 50 coconuts!

Durian: The Durian tree can be 90-130 feet tall and have a life span of 80-150 years, but they can usually never die unless there was a hurricane and knocked down the tree, or a human cutting down the tree. These trees produce fruit that many people like, but has an odd odor( it smells like decaying onions and stinky cheese). These fruits actually grow from the trunks and branches of the Durian trees. Many animals also love the fruit as well. The flowers that make the fruit give of a strong odor that attracts its pollinater; the dawn bat.

Jambu: This plant is considered a small tree or a big bush which can get to 10-20 feet tall. It grows sweet, watery fruits that can be from the color white to light red. The flowers are a yellow color and have a small fregrence. Some animals rely on this fruit for their diet.

Kapok Tree: This humongous tree can tower up to 150 feet tall and usually goes over the rest of the trees of the tropical rainforest. Its base can reach to a diameter of 9 feet, also its trunk is a grayish color. Many animals live and grow in these trees.

Tualang: These trees are like giants to other trees. They can get up to 250 feet tall and are a member of the legume family, and are related to peas. Usually you can find this tree alone because there is no forests of just Tualang trees. Also, the tualang trees are well known because of the trees honey combs that can be 6 feet wide and can have 30,000 bees in the honey combs. You can see the top of this tree above the emergent layer.