England

by Niranjana

About England.

England is a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain. The United Kingdom of Great Britain is comprised of England,Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. England is in Europe.

Capital.

London is the capital of England which is one of the oldest and the largest in the world. The river Thames flows east through the middle of London. Millions of tourists visit London's many museums, parks, Tower of London, The Buckingham Palace which is the London home of the British royal family, London Bridge on river Thames, Big Ben clock, etc. The population of London is more than 7 million. Residents of London are called 'Londoners'.

Buckingham Palace

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London Bridge

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Big Ben clock

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History

There is proof that people lived in England over 700,000 years ago. British monarchs ruled England for years. Queen Elizabeth I ruled from 1558 to 1603 and her period is known as the 'Golden Age' of England. Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of England now. She is the head of state in the United Kingdom. But she has no power over what the British Government does.

Queen Elizabeth I

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Climate

The overall climate in England is temperate maritime. That is, mild temperatures, not less than 0 degree celsius in winter and not much higher than 32 degree celsius in summer. Climate is damp and subject to frequent changes. It's sunny one day and rainy the next. July and August are normally the warmer months. February is the coldest. May, June, September and October have good climates for traveling.

Geography

England is a part of the island of Great Britain. England has hilly areas but is more mountainous in the north with a chain of mountains called the Pennines.

Pennine Mountains

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Language

The main language of England is English, also known as British English. British English is not the same as American or Australian English. British English and American English has considerable difference. For example at school, British use the terms staff room for the teacher's lounge and play time or break time for the recess. Another example is that British say torch for the flashlight and lift for the elevator.

Since Britain has a multicultural population, other languages are also spoken in England like Bengali, Hindi, Turkish, Arabic, French, Spanish, Latin, etc.

Food

British food has traditionally been based on beef, lamb, pork, chicken and fish - generally served with potatoes and other vegetables. Some foods have strange names like Bubble and Squeak and Toad-in-the-Hole.


Breakfast

A traditional English breakfast consists of eggs, bacon, sausages, fried bread, mushrooms, baked beans and a cup of coffee. Now-a-days most people eat a bowl of cereals, a slice of toast, orange juice and a cup of coffee.


Lunch

Most British people at work and children at school eat packed lunch that mostly consists of a sandwich, crisps, fruits and a drink.


Dinner

A traditional English dinner consists of meat and two vegetables with gravy. Now-a-days, most people in England eat curried rice or pasta dishes.


Most British people drink tea. Coffee and wine are also popular.


Lots of people in England are vegetarians.


Fun fact

The sandwich was invented in England. There is a town named Sandwich in the north of England. John Montagu, the Earl of Sandwich, invented a small meal that could be eaten with one hand while he continued his non-stop gambling.

Roast Dinner.

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Fashion

English follow the same dress code as any other modern western society - ranging from jeans and T shirts to full business suits for office work. Special clothes for climate include heavy over-coats for snow and rain coats and umbrellas for rain. Men wear footwear ranging from sneakers to wingtips and women wear footwear ranging from trainers to boots and shoes. Children wear comfortable clothes like T shirts, jeans and sports wear. Most children wear a school uniform when they are at school.

England, unlike Wales and Scotland has no official dress.

Considering England's multicultural society, people wear different kinds of clothes like sari and other ethnic clothes.

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Celebrations

The most celebrated festival in England is Christmas. It is the birthday of Jesus Christ and is celebrated on the 25 of December. Christmas brings friends and families together. It is a holiday in England. Families and friends have Christmas dinner together in the afternoon. A traditional Christmas dinner includes roast turkey or goose, brussells sprouts, roast potatoes, cranberry sauce, rich nutty stuffing, tiny sausages wrapped in bacon, and hot gravy. They eat a fruity pudding doused in flaming brandy to ward off evil spirits.

New year's day-First day of January. It is a holiday. On the New Year's Eve, as the clock Big Ben strikes midnight, people link arms and sing a song called Auld Lang Syne. There will be fireworks too.

Some of the other festivals celebrated are, Harvest festival, Halloween, Shrove Tuesday, Mothering Sunday, Good Friday, Easter day, May day, etc.

Christmas Eve

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Religions.

The largest religious groups are Christians. There are Jews, Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and Buddhists too.

Economy

The currency of England is Pound Sterling. The main resources of England are Industrial and farm products. English people earn money though printing and publishing too. Another resource of money is fishing. England produces coal too. Tourism plays a major part in England's income.

A factory in England

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Art, Music and Dance

England's art and poetry has seen different phases through centuries. These phases have been influenced by foreign invasion,religion, resources and so on.William Shakespeare was the world famous writer. William Blake was a famous painter and poet. Britain has a lot of renowned writers and poets.


Since its earliest days English music has been diverse and culturally relevant. It is made of religious music, folk music, classical music and many other styles. 'The Beatles' is a world famous music band.


Some of the dance forms of England are English country dance like Morris dance, Maypole dance etc. and other dance forms like Garland dance. The dance forms were different for different classes of the society.



England's art, music and dances have been greatly influenced by foreign invasion and immigration.

English Landscape Art

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The Beatles Band of England

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English dance

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Famous People.

William Shakespeare was the most famous writer in the world.

Sir Isaac Newton was the scientist who formulated the theory of gravitation and the three laws of motion.

Queen Elizabeth I's rule is known as the 'Golden Age of England'.

Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of England now.

Henry VIII was a popular King.

Diana, The Princess of Wales was a celebrity.

Professor Stephan Hawking is a famous physicist.

Charles Dickens, Jane Austin and Agatha Christie were all famous writers.

Charles Darwin, the famous naturalist formulated the Theory of Evolution.

Florence Nightingale, a British nurse is considered as the founder of modern nursing.

Lord Byron, Robert Burns and Thomas Hardy were famous poets.

William Byrd and Arthur Sullivan are music composers.

Captain James Cook was a famous explorer of 18th century

David Beckham is a world famous foot ball (soccer) player.

J.K Rowling is a famous writer.

Ten Facts About England

10 Facts About England

Sources



1. Net trekker

2.World Book

3.National Geographic Kids

4.Kids info bits

5.Countries Around The World: England By: Claire Throp

Pictures: Google