Dietary Guidelines

Chapter 8 Brochure

What do the Dietary Guidelines do for Americans?

a.) A health risk is anything that may reduce human health, such as not exercising or eating too many unhealthy foods.


b.) A diet is the kinds of food that a person eats regularly.

Getting enough nutrients within your calorie needs.

a.) The four factors that determine calorie needs are


-Age

-Sex

-Metabolism

-Activity Level


b.) Nutrient Dense foods are foods with a high amount of nutrients and low in calories

How to maintain a healthy weight

a.) A risk factor is anything that increases the likelihood of developing disease or energy


b.) Health problems related to too much body fat include diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, heart disease, and some cancers.


c.) Health problems related to too little body fat include not functioning bodies and birth/reproduction in women.


d.) Two ways to lose weight are to eat healthier foods, and exercise.

Suggestions for being physically active active every day

a.) Being active helps you stay in shape and burn calories.


b.) A teen should get at least 60 minutes of physical activity everyday


c.) Two guidelines for including physical activity into your daily routine are going up and down chairs, or walking on trails are easy ways to get exercise.

Importance of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and milk

a.) Three reasons these foods are healthy are because they are high in protein, calcium, and nutrients.


b.) Two health benefits from eating these foods include, strengthening your bones and maintaining a healthy diet.


c.) You can drink a glass of milk with your breakfast, eat a quick apple, or even add vegetables to a dish.

How to limit fats and cholesterol

a.) Trans Fats and Saturated fats raise cholesterol.


b.) Diseases such as heart disease and stroke


c.) You should monitor your fat intake and what kinds of fat you eat.

Be choosy about carbohydrates

a.) Food with natural sugar are foods that naturally contain sugar such as fruit and dairy products.


b.) Food with added sugar are foods that sugar is added to such as cookies, cakes, and coffee.


c.) You should limit your sugar intake because if you eat foods with high sugar all the time, it adds up in body fat, raising your risk for diseases associated with obesity.

Why reduce sodium and increase potassium?

a.) Sodium is basically just salt that adds up to increase blood pressure.


b.) Osteoporosis, heart attacks, stroke, and even some cancers are diseases caused by too much sodium.


c.) Potassium regulates water and mineral balance throughout the body.

Avoid Alcohol

a.) Teens should not drink alcohol because


-Their brains are still developing and it could damage them.

-It puts you at a high risk for becoming addicted later on.

-You can become a dangerous driver or person and make poor choices.

Food safety is an important part of the Dietary Guidance because making good choices of what foods you eat greatly effects how your body works and develops. This later affects how you live later on in life.