Types of Cases

Important words and facts

Main Ideas

•Citizens file new lawsuits in United States courts every day.

•Civil law also deals with disagreements about things people own, called property.

•Personal injuries and torts account for nearly 40% of all civil cases field.

•Consumer protection laws stop manufacturers, sales people, and businesses from cheating or taking advantages of consumers.

Important Words

•Contract—agreement between two or more parties,written or oral, that can be enforced by law.

•Tort—damage, injury, or wrongful act caused to one person,other than breaking a contract, for which a civil lawsuit can be field.

•Domestic-relations laws—laws regulating disagreements among family members.