Marine Conservationist

Save Our Seas

Marine Environmental and Wildlife Conservationist

What is it?

Marine conservation is the study of conserving physical and biological marine resources and ecosystem functions. A marine environmental and wildlife conservationist’s job is to protect our oceans from many things including Global Warming, over fishing biodiversity, habitat conservation, alien species, and ocean dumping. They also help protect endangered species, promote biodiversity, and control tourism.

Working Conditions

The working conditions are very diverse considering all of the issues available within this field but one of the most common places would be educating people over these issues in the classroom.

Equipment Used

Three technologies in this field include marine protected areas (MPAs), turtle excluder devices (TEDs), and radio-frequency identification (RFID). A turtle excluder device allows captured sea turtles to escape when caught in a fisherman’s net. Marine Protected Areas are places where human activity has been placed under some restrictions in the interest of conserving the natural environment. Radio-frequency identification is the ability to track and identify species by planting a very small microchip in them that use electromagnetic fields to store data.

Education and Pay

Many different oceanography careers are needed for this field including managing MPA’s, coral conservation, sustainable fishing, high seas conservation, ocean acidification, ocean governance, and law enforcement. It all depends on what part of the conservation you want to participate in. However it is suggested that a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in wildlife science is generally required for the biological scientist. A graduate’s degree in wildlife science may give you an advantage in your job search. Researchers make the least amount of money making between 40 and 50 thousand while the biological science needed for conservation makes around 100 thousand.


Two pros of working in this field would be conserving wildlife for future generations and preventing pollution from hurting our aquatic environment.


A con of this career is that most, if not all, jobs offered are found within nonprofit organizations meaning you would not be paid as much as other oceanography careers. Another con would be if you were following an endangered species you might have to be at sea away from home for months on end.

Why This Career Is Important

Marine Conservation is very important to help protect our wildlife and marine ecosystems from pollution and extinction. They have been very helpful in the cleanup efforts after the recent BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Without their help we may have lost many animal and fish species due to the carelessness of mankind. They also help conserve biodiversity in our oceans. “All species are an integral part of their ecosystem by performing specific functions that are often essential to their ecosystems and often to human survival as well.” They also try to prevent illegal waste dumping into the ocean because even though our oceans cover over 2/3 of the earth, waste water pollution is drastically hurting the marine ecosystems causing temperature change which adds to the Global Warming crisis.

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