States of Matter

Natasha Broussard

❤️SOLIDS

Definition : the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape and volume.


Detail #1: the materials in these objects (quarter , cafeteria tray) are all in the solid state.

Detail #2: you can change the shape of copper wire by bending the wire.

Detail #3: almost all solids have some type of orderly arrangement of particles at the atomic level.

example 1

a binder has a definite shape and volume, so i put it .

example 2

a pencil has a definite shape and volume , so i put it .

💜LIQUIDS

Definition : the state of matter in which material has a definite volume but not a definite shape.


Detail #1: a liquid always has the same shape as its container and can be poured form one container to another.

Detail #2: mercury exists as a liquid at room temperature .

Detail #3: the mercury atoms are close together but their arrangements is more random than the arrangement of atoms in copper.

Example 1

juice is also a liquid that has no shape unless frozen , but it fits to its container

Example

water is a liquid and has no shape , it fits to its container from one to another .

💛GASES

Definition :the state of matter in which a material has neither a definite shape nor definite volume.


Detail #1: there is more space between two helium atoms in a balloon than between two neighboring atoms in solids copper or liquids mercury .

Detail #2: a gas takes the shape and volume of its container.

Detail #3: when helium flows from the cylinder into a balloon, the helium atoms spread out.

example

air which is a mixture if gasses, is probably the most obvious example .

example

helium is another , it fills its container or whatever its in .

💙PLASMA 315

Definition : the state of matter in which atoms have been stripped of their electrons.


Detail #1: you can think of plasma as a gas containing two kinds of particles- nuclei and electrons.

Detail #2:scientist envision fusion reactors fueled by two hydrogen isotopes, deuterium and tritium.

Detail #3: at temperature this high (10,00,000), matter exists as plasma

example

example

the sun has plasma .

💚BOSE EINSTEIN CONDENSATE

Definition : state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero


Detail #1: The Bose-Einstein state of matter was the only one created while your parents were alive.

Detail #2:The molecules get denser or packed closer together.

Detail #3:The BEC happens at super low temperatures.

example

the top of the mountain is cold

example

idea what this is i just know it get colder at the top and warm towards the bottom