Federal V. Consolidated Government

Brutus, Thomas Hobbes, & Patrick Henry

Brutus, no. 1

  • Brutus was an antifederalist
  • he felt that the idea of confederation was totally lost
  • with the constitution the United States had power to lay and collect taxes
  • several states will find it impossible to raise monies to support their governments
  • without money they cannot be supported and they must dwindle away

Thomas Hobbes

  • main concern is the problem of social and political order: how humans can live together in peace and avoid the danger and fear of civil conflict
  • humans were selfish who would do anything to better their position
  • thought that people should not be trusted to make decisions on their own
  • nations were selfishly motivated
  • government was created to protect people from their own selfishness and evil

Patrick Henry

  • Henry was an antifederalist
  • refused to attend the constitutional convention because he feared a strong central government
  • when the new constitution was sent to Virginia for ratification, he questioned why the constitution doesnt have a Bill of Rights
  • his arguments persuaded James Madison to promise the addition of a Bill of RIghts to the constitution
  • the 1st congress of the U.S. sent a list of the 12 ammendments to the states
  • Henry believed that these 12 ammendments didn't adequately safe guard the rights of the people in the states
  • tried to change the constitution and Virginia approved the 12 ammendments, but the states only ratified 10 to become the Bill of Rights


Constitution V. Natural Law

Constitution- statement of fundamental laws: a written statement outlining the basic laws or principles by which a country or organization is governed

Natural Law- a body of unchanging moral principles regarded as a basis for all human