Bill of Rights

Ben Gaspard US history Period 1

What are the bill of rights?

The first ten amendments to the US Constitution

The First amendment: Freedom of religion and speech

You can worship any religion as you please. If you have any complaints about the Government, You can speak up about it.

The second amendement:The right to bear arms.

People have the right to protect themselves, and carry firearms.

Court case: Bliss vs Commonwealth

The Third amendment: The right to have privacy.

Soldiers can't demand to stay in your home.

The Fourth amendment: The right against searching

Police can't search you home without a search warrant.

The Fith amendment:The right to remain silent.

You can't be charged twice, and a grand jury has to decide if there's evidence against you.

Court Case: Barren vs Baltimore

John Barren filed a Lawsuit against the city of Baltimore, saying the city deprived him of his land and rights. However, due to not finding a sound conclusion, the case was dismissed.

The sixth Amendment: The right of a speedy trial

If incarcerated, your trial must come as soon as possible. It should be held in public, not in secret.

Court case: Johnson vs Zerbst

John Johnson was arrested for making and using fake money. However, he didn't have enough money for an attorney. The council made it mandatory for the government to provide an attorney.

The sevenght smendment: the right to a jury trial

You can have a Jury settle cases over a lot of money. Once it is decided, it can't be brought up again.

The eight amendment: cruel or unusual punsihment

Your punishment should fit your crime.

Court case: Gregg vs Georgia

A man names Troy Gregg was given the death penalty for stealing, which he said denied his eighth right. the supreme court ruled that it was constitutional however.

The ninth amendment: Rights retained by the people

The government can't take away the peoples rights.

The tenth amendment: Limiting Federal powers

As long as it doesn't say the state's can't do something, they can do it.

Court case: Printz vs United States