Nelson Mandela

Created by: Grant Mangan

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Life and Accomplishments

Born on July 18. 1918, to Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa and Nosekeni Fanny, Nelson Mandela was raised in a royal family. Mandela received his primary school education at a local missionary where he received his English first name. He then attended middle school at Clarkebury Boarding Institute and Healdtown. Mandela later attended the University of Fort Hare, but was later kicked out for boycotting school policies in 1940. After being kicked out of the University of Fort Hare, Mandela went to Johannesburg and became a nightwatchmen and law clerk. While in Johannesburg, Mandela studied at the University of Witwatersrand where he received his bachelors degree and got involved in fighting against racial discrimination.

Involvement in the Anti-Apartheid Movement

Nelson Mandela Joined the African National Congress (ANC) in 1944. In 1952 Mandela was one of the people who helped lead the ANC's Campaign of the Defiance of Unjust Laws.

Mandela became the leader of the Umkhonto we Sizwe, or to some the MK. Madela went to Etheopia illegally in 1962 so that he could go to a conference of African nationalist leaders. Later on he went to Algeria to study guerrilla warfare. When Mandela returned home on August 5th, 1962 he was arrested and sentenced to five years in jail. The next year after the government had raided the MK headquarter, Mandela was charged with sabotage, treason, and violent conspiracy, which resulted in a lifetime jail sentence. Years later on February 11, 1990, Mandela was release from prison due to new legislation. Mandela then lead conversations with the National Party to end apartheid laws and systems. In 1994, the people of South Africa voted for Mandela to be president, which resulted in the end of Apartheid.

Nelson Mandela's 1998 Speech at Harvard

Nelson Mandela Speech, Harvard 1998

References

History.com (2009) ‘Nelson Mandela - facts & summary’, history.com, .


Biography.com Editor (no date) The Biography.com website. Available at: http://www.biography.com/people/nelson-mandela-9397017 (Accessed: 16 November 2015).


DigPhilosophy (2013) Nelson Mandela speech, Harvard 1998. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Zh8otC-c3s (Accessed: 16 November 2015).