Wolf

Vincent Maggio Period 8 5/16/16

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Habitat

Wolves live in a den (Tolme). Often a wolf's den is in it's territory. Wolves mark their territory by urinating on the boundaries of it. The wolf's habitat changes size depending on the amount of food available to them (Wolf Facts 12). Wolves live in places ranging from the United States to Antarctica.

Movement

Wolves use their four legs to move. They are legs with paws on the ends with claws that help the animal to run. Wolves can not fly but they can run really fast. They use their legs to catch up to prey. Wolves can run for hours on end without stopping. Wolves can also swim and will chase prey in the water. During hot summer days wolves will bathe and lounge in water to cool off. (Wolf Country)
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Body Covering

Wolves have fur all over their bodies that keep them warm. The thickness and color depends on where the wolf is from. For example, a wolf living in the arctic has a thick, white coat while a wolf in the forest may have a brown coat that is not as thick. It is a vertebrate. The wolf does not molt, but it sheds when the weather is too hot during the season.
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Diet

All wolves are omnivores although they usually eat meat, but in desperate situations, they will eat fruit and vegetables, or even rummage through trash cans to find food. Often when a wolf is alone, it hunts small prey, but a pack can hunt many different animals that they can eat (Lone Wolf).

Reproduction

Wolves use sexual reproduction and internal fertilization to reproduce. Wolves do not lay eggs. Only the highest ranking wolves in the pack are allowed to reproduce. When a wolf is born, it is blind, deaf, and helpless (Lone Wolf). They reach sexual maturity in 3 months if it is a boy, 2 months if it is a girl (Wolf Facts)!
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Adaptations

The wolf is an excellent hunter. This ability to hunt puts them on top of the food chain. When hunting, wolves target weaker prey, and by doing this they actually help their own prey because they unburden them (Lone Wolf). When a wolf howls, females can hear it and the two can mate (The Pack is Back). When a wolf pack is running out of food, they expand their territory so they can get farther away prey. Since humans have been destroying wolf habitats, they have been moving to more remote areas of the world.
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Other Info

  • Wolves in a pack have rankings depending on who is more stronger and better.
  • When a pack member dies, it is mourned by it's family.
  • Wolves are on the top of the food chain where they live.
  • The red wolf is almost extinct.
  • Wolves have a bad reputation due to stories such as: "Little Red Riding Hood".
  • Because of their bad reputation, people kill them.
  • A wolf species crossed the ocean, but it is now extinct.
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Works Cited

"Grey Wolf." Wildscreen Arkive. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2016. <http://www.arkive.org/grey-wolf/canis-lupus/image-G57747.html>.


Maloney, Brenna. "Lone Wolf?" National Geographic Explorer: n. pag. SIRS Discoverer. Web. 9 May 2016. <http://discoverer.prod.sirs.com/discoweb/disco/do/article?urn=urn%3Asirs%3AUS%3BARTICLE%3BART%3B0000373044>.


"Mammals Arctic Wolf." Natural History Notebooks. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2016. <http://www.nature.ca/notebooks/english/arcwolf.htm>.


National Geographic Extreme Explorer. SIRS Discoverer. Web. 12 May 2016. <http://discoverer.prod.sirs.com/discoweb/disco/do/article?urn=urn%3Asirs%3AUS%3BARTICLE%3BART%3B0000271993>.


"Photo Gallery: Wolves." L. David Mech. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2016. <http://www.davemech.com/gallery/index.html>.


Wolf. N.p.: n.p., n.d. World Book Advanced. Web. 8 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar607980&st=wolf#tab=homepage>.


"Wolves." Sheppard Software. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2016. <http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/animals/mammals/wolf.htm>.


Wolf Facts. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.


"Wolf Country." Wolf Country. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2016. <http://www.wolfcountry.net/information/WolfObserved.html>.