Rabbit Proof Fence

Background on buzz words.

Aboriginese

The name "Aboriginal Australians" was started by the British after they began colonising Australia in 1788, to refer to all of the people they found already living in Australia, and later to the children of any of those people. The way they classified you as and Aboriginese is by appearance.

Australia


The capital of Australia is Canberra but the largest city is Sydney. There are no official languages but the national language is English. Australia is also called Aussie. The total area of australia is 7,692,024 km squared. The 2014 population estimate is 23,658,000. The currency is called the Australian dollar or AUD.

Stolen Generations

Stolen Generations describes the many Aboriginal people who were forcefully removed from their families as children by the past Australian Federal, State and Territory government agencies, and church missions, from the late 1800s to the 1970s. The children removed were sent either to institutions or adopted by non-Indigenous families. Through the early 1900s, the Australian public thought that Aboriginal children were disadvantaged and at risk in their own homes, and that they would get a better education, a more loving family, and a more civilised upbringing in adopted white families or in government institutions. The reality was that Aboriginal children were being removed in order to be exposed to ‘work habits’ with a view to them being employed by colonial settlers, and to stop their parents, families and communities from passing on their culture, language and identity to them. The children who were targeted for removal by the authorities of the time, in almost all cases, had one parent that was 'white' and one that was Aboriginal. The objective behind the removal of these children then was often one of racial assimilation.

Indigenous

Indigenous Australians are the original inhabitants of Australia and nearby islands. Recent findings indicate that Indigenous Australians are probably descendants of the first modern humans to migrate out of Africa. The term "Aboriginal" is traditionally applied to only the indigenous inhabitants of Australia and Tasmania, along with some of the surrounding islands. Indigenous Australians is an term used when referring to both Aboriginal and Torres Strait islanders.

Australian Government

The Government of the Commonwealth of Australia, also called the Australian Government, Commonwealth Government or the Federal Government is the federal democratic administrative authority of Australia. The Commonwealth of Australia, a federal constitutional monarchy under a parliamentary democracy, was formed in 1901 because of an agreement among six self-governing British colonies, which are now the six states. The structure of the Australian Government may be examined in light of two distinct concepts, called federalism and the separation of powers into executive, legislative and judicial branches of government. Separation of powers is implied from the structure of the Constitution which breaks down the branches of government into separate chapters. The Australian federal system is a unique mixture of the Westminster and U.S. systems of federal representative democracy, with important elements of both present.

Racial Purity

The concept of racial "purity" was developed by Arthur de Gobineau. De Gobineau argued that race created culture, and that "impure" "race-mixing" leads to chaos. Racial hygiene was historically tied to traditional notions of public health, but usually with an enhanced emphasis on heredity. Francis Galton began work in 1869 to find a statistical science of heredity which could encourage voluntary care in selecting partners, and in 1883 introduced the term "eugenics" for this subject, but in the early 20th century a eugenics movement adopted ideas of Mendelian genetics and promoted negative eugenics to prevent the people that were thought to be unsuitable from having children.

Dreamtime

"Dreaming" is also often used to refer to an individual's or group's set of beliefs or spirituality. For example, an indigenous Australian might say that he or she has Kangaroo Dreaming, or Shark Dreaming, or Honey Ant Dreaming, or any combination of Dreamings related to their country. Many Indigenous Australians also refer to the Creation time as "The Dreaming". The Dreamtime laid down the patterns of life for the Aboriginal people. It was believed that, before humans, animals, and plants came into being, their 'souls' existed; they knew they would become physical, but not when. And when that time came, all but one of the 'souls' became plants or animals, with the last one becoming human and acting as a custodian or guardian to the natural world around them.

What Happened in Australia Between 1869-1969

This is the period of time of the stolen generations.

Rabbit Proof Fence

The State Barrier Fence of Western Australia, formerly known as the Rabbit Proof Fence, the State Vermin Fence, and the Emu Fence, is a pest-exclusion fence constructed between 1901 and 1907 to keep rabbits and other pests, from the east, out of Western Australian pastured areas.

There are three fences in Western Australia, the original number 1 fence crosses the state from north to south, number 2 fence is smaller and further west, and number 3 fence is smaller still and runs east–west. The fences took six years to build. When completed in 1907, the rabbit-proof fence (including all three fences) stretched 3,256 km. When it was completed in 1907, the 1,833 km number 1 fence was the longest unbroken fence in the world.

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