By Sofia Chauca, Nixon Merino,Valeria Zaruma, Dennis Nugra
The Legislative Branch By: Dennis Nugra
In the text below I will be talking about the Legislative branch and what it does for our country.
The Legislative branch makes laws for the people. The Legislative branch is made up of Congress, which is made up of two groups. The two groups are the House of Representatives and the Senate. Every state elects officials to both groups either man or woman. Each state elects two members of the Senate, called Senators. However, the number of representatives that a state sends to Congress is based on that state’s population. For example, Wyoming has a small population and only has one representative. New York, which has a larger population, has 27 representatives.
Senators and Representatives both have a time limit like our president. Senators serve six-year terms, and representatives serve two-year terms. The Constitution gives Congress power and authority that no other branch of government has. For example, only Congress can declare war, borrow money, and print currency. Congress can also establish taxes that working adults in the nation must pay.
Therefore now you know about the Legislative branch and what it does.
The Judicial Branch By Nixon Merino
I'm going to write about The Judicial Branch and how you could be a member of it.
In this paragraph I'm writing about who or what makes this branch of government. What makes up this branch is the supreme court and the nine justices, and the Federal Court. This branch does a lot of things. This branch decides the meaning of the laws and whether these laws break the constitution’s rules.
If you would like to be a part of the Judicial branch, the requirements are that you have to be trustworthy and dependable. You could be leader until you retire or die. However, since the Senate confirms justices, experience and background have become important factors in the confirmations.
An important fact is that the Federal Court may also decide cases in which one or more states disagree with each other. The chief justice is in charge of how the supreme court is run. The Federal Court may also hear cases in which an ordinary person brings a case against a state.
Now you know about the Judicial Branch and how you could be a member of it.
The Executive Branch By Valeria Zaruma
The Executive Branch has the power to carry out laws. The President is part of the government of the United States and leader of our powerful nation. This includes Vice President and their group of advisers named the cabinet. The President is elected by the people of the states, every four years. Americans vote to elect a President and Vice President. The President's job is to enforce the laws of the Legislative Branch.
The second Branch is the Executive. All the branches work together as a group, but sometimes they check on each other to make sure no other branch has too much power. The Executive Branch makes sure that the laws of the United States of America are obeyed. The Executive Branch is too large so the president gets help from the vice president and their group of advisers called the cabinet.
It was fun to write about this Branch because it had a lot of information, and is important to our country.
Democracy & The Bill of Rights By Sofia Chauca
Democracy and the Bill of Rights are very important to this country. Read on to learn about democracy and the Bill of Rights and other interesting topics.
Democracy plays a very important role in our country. Democracy gives many freedoms we have in our government today and is the most used form of government in the modern world. Democracy means that the people choose a leader to represent them. We, the people, elect our senators, presidents, mayors and governors. We do this because we govern in democracy.
The Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights are the first ten amendments of the U.S constitution. Amendments are small changes or additions to the constitution of the U.S. On September 25, 1789, twelve amendments were proposed to the states. The states voted out ten amendments. These amendments are now known as the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights were put into effect on December 15, 1791. One amendment of the Bill of Rights is: “Congress will not makes laws benefiting a certain religion” (#1). A few others are “No soldier is allowed to stay in a home without the owner’s permission” (#3) and “When someone is accused of committing a crime, he/she is allowed a trial” (#6).
The government affects our daily lives a lot. From the milk we drink, to the money we get from the ATM is from the government. The National Institute of Standards and Technology keeps the official time, so people are not late for school or work. Because 17 million americans have asthma, the government is passing laws to reduce air pollution. The International Weather Service makes forecasts so we don’t get caught in natural disasters like hurricanes. The government inspects the fruits, vegetables and poultry we eat to make sure that those products are safe to eat and beneficial to our health.
Local, State, and Federal Government
Each status of government has its own responsibilities. Local governments are in charge of the police, fire, education, and Human Services. They are also in charge of parks and recreation, and public work such as construction, waste, and sewage. State governments are in charge of issuing licenses (such as a driver’s license), choosing amendments, conducting elections, and giving public health and safety. Federal government is in charge of making necessary laws to add to the constitution, making postage offices and issuing postage, and establishing a navy and army. Federal government is also in charge of printing money (such as bills and coins), and declaring war.
Democracy and the Bill of Rights both help this country function. Now you know how important democracy and the Bill of Rights are.