Apartheid

How South Africa Will Be Changed Forver

Overview

Throughout the terrible time of Apartheid in South Africa there were many negative impacts in the economy, government, for the people that is still affecting the people today. Apartheid has gotten better throughout the years of history. The Apartheid was a time of racial segregation in Africa where many black africans were endured with the worst discrimination with separate facilities and living areas for each race. The most common languages were bantu which means the people and isiZulu. Many people practiced native faiths to Africa whilst others were christians, roman catholics or protestants. Throughout the time of Apartheid not only the black africans were effected as the government and economy was effected as well that is still a problem today for Africa.

History

Throughout the years of Apartheid in South Africa many things differed for the people, especially for the blacks and the whites. The whites had a lot more rights than the blacks did. For example, they had to use separate bathrooms, the blacks couldn't participate in the olympics in 1964, they went to different schools where the government tried to force black children to study Afrikaans (the white Afrikaner language) instead of English, and nonwhites were denied political rights. It just wasn't fair until eventually, apartheid began to break down in the 1970s. That happened because a growing movement for independence began in the 1970s and 1980s. The movement for independence started because the African National Congress wanted to work towards getting Africans rights. To work their way toward independence in 1976, they allowed the blacks to participate but they refused to do so. As a result of Apartheid in South Africa the country became increasingly isolated from the worlds community both politically and economically.

Government

The government of South Africa during the Apartheid separated the white Afrikaners from the black Africans. The laws made by the government separated the two groups of people. These laws gave blacks less rights then the whites. South Africa was a Republic in the 1850’s. From 1948 until the1990s South Africa was under the control of a white Afrikaners government and the nonwhites were denied political rights. Starting in the 1960’s, protests against the racial pass laws that required all blacks to carry passbooks which were used to control their employment and free movement. In 1973 the South African government began a censorship government. Then in 1990 they had a democratic government. Louis Botha became South Africa's first prime minister and Nelson Mandela was released from prison. In 1992, The South African Parliament began repealing apartheid laws and the white South Africans voted to end Apartheid. Mandela was then elected as president in 1994 during the first free inclusive elections. The voting for Mandela was held April 26th through 29th 1994, and he was sworn in on May 10,1994. Mandela served until 1999 and did not seek a second term. Although the government changed a lot during the time of the Apartheid at the end almost everyone, in South Africa the white Afrikaners and black Africans were happy with there new and improved government that lives on today.

Economic

During the Apartheid in South Africa the weak and poor economy negatively impacted the people. Much of the economy issues had to deal with the schools. The private schools could not survive without their grants in aid some were either closed down or handed over to the government. In 1973 the black univeristy and trade union workers resulted in going on strike as a result of the poor schooling. Most of the communities were trying to help the schools by collecting money to provide for more classrooms they would employ teachers and employ learning materials for the schools. Without the community there to help the schools not many of the students would be able to recieve an education. Although there were many economic isssues some parts of the South Afriican economy postively effected the country during the apartheid. The discovery of diamonds near Kimberley and gold on the Witwatersrand helped transform South Africa a lot. The success of the mines were able to bring black africans into the wage economy. Even though they had a limited manufacturing economy, with a few industrial resources, high unemployment and only a marginal subsistence agriculture the economy still managed to stay developed. The success of the industries and mild climate alos contributed to a developed economy. In 2008 the black unemployment had fallen, but still stood at 30 percent. As the success of the African Economy continues to grow the rate of unemployment will decrease. The economy was able to survive under Apartheid because of the hard workers.



Social

In the Apartheid in South Africa the Africans were treated poorly compared to the Afrikaners. In 1950 the population registration act classified all south africans as White, European, colored, Asian, Bantu, or derogatory which means Black Africans. In the 1960’s student organizations worked against apartheid so it would end. Blacks had to attend different schools then the white people, due to apartheid and the racial differences blacks had fewer schooling and less funds than the Afrikaners.In 1996 there was an act established so the Africans could have better conditions; the apartheid government thought that education was key to a relationship between europeans and non-europeans. The government was doing many things to improve the Africans lives however thats not the case with the rest of the world. Many international economic sanctions were placed on South Africa, and workers went on strike destroying Africa’s economy. Afrikaners were significantly more clean than the Africans which is why 1 in 9 South Africans have HIV or AIDS.

Today

Today in South Africa some Africans are still treated differently than the Afrikaners, over the years Apartheid decreased and became a semi better living environment for these people. South Africa is suffering from its worst labor unrest since the end of apartheid and the end of prospects continued to dim. Currently South Africa has rising crime rates, high unemployment, high ANC policies regarding HIV and AIDS and even though there is still discrimination against blacks it has gotten better since apartheid ended.