Ethical Research

By Zoie Costello

What is plagiarism?

Plagiarism is using someones words, ideas, and create expression as your own. Plagiarism also includes coping and pasting a paragraph or even just a sentence from someones work. So make sure you always give credit to the author of the work.


How do we prevent plagiarism?

We give credit were credit is do. Always make sure to paraphrase a sentence or paragraph or anything you use that is not your own. If you wanna use the authors work and don't wanna paraphrase then use quotations make sure your paper is 50% your work and 50% authors work.

What is some information i would need to cite a website?

Citing a website you are going to need a couple things in order to cite "correctly".


  • The author.
  • The year, and day that the website was published.
  • Year, day you went to the website.
  • Name of webpage

Citing a website is pretty easy.

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What is some information you need to cite a book/article?

Citing a book is similar to citing a website.


  • The author
  • The year it was published (the copyright date)
  • Number of pages
  • Title of the book
  • Medium (Printed, online .ect)
  • Locations of publication
Book citing is a little more complicated.

How do I know if a website is credible?

  1. One of the best ways to tell is by looking at the web address. Usually when a website is credible it will will end in a .gov, .edu, .org. Ones that are not as reliable will end in .com, or .net. The reasons .gov, .edu, and .org are more reliable is because .gov means (government) , .edu means (education) , .org means (orginazation). These domains can not be purchased by just anyone.
  2. Look for the author make sure there is one. If there is no author listed on the site it's probably not reliable. If there is an author on the site see if he/she seems reliable.
  3. Spelling and grammar are a big part of seeing if a website is credible almost a dead give away. If there are several spelling mistakes or grammar problems then the odds are they are not a reliable resource.
  4. The date of when the website was last edited is important. Say the website was lasted edited 3 years ago its a possibility that the information isn't as accurate anymore.

*Easy websites for citing*

How to generate a good research question.

Knowing how to generate a good research question is very important. When looking for information on the internet you can have hundreds or thousands of results so you need to know how to narrow it down. So make sure to be specific!


  • Think about what do I want to know about my topic.
  • Now make that a question.
  • Question needs to be clear.
  • Ask yourself is this something interesting to others.
  • Make sure your questions aren't to specific but not to broad.
Always use key words to help you like stop or end, start or begin.

Example:

When did world war 1 start?

When did world war 1 end?

Citing

What is work cited page? This is were you will cite all the resources you used for you paper and were you got all your information. All resources used must be included on the work cited page.

What is a MLA citation? MLA stands for modern language association. MLA format is common and you will use it in almost everything you will cite. This style will use a two-part documentation system.

What is a in-text citation? This type of citation is simple it just uses abbreviations. You simply put the authors last name and page you found it on.

Example (Laster 6)

wHAT IS PARAPHRASING, QUOTING AND SUMMARIZING?

Paraphrasing is when you take the authors words and change everything about them. Making it how you would repeat it to someone else.

Original: When on vacation make sure to look at all the attractions.

New: Make sure you always check out cool attractions when on vacation.


Quoting is using the authors words but placing quotation marks around them symbolizing that there not your words.

"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal."


Summarizing is taking a huge section of text and getting it down to the main idea or the outline of what the text is saying.