what was the holocaust?
The Holocaust was an awful, historical and emotional event that occurred in 1933-1945. The Holocaust was the German government- sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazis. German authorities also persecuted other groups like: Gypsies, the disabled, Poles, Russians, Communists, Socialists, Jehovah's Witnesses and homosexuals. In the final months of the war, SS guards would purge the targeted groups to concentration camps.
What were the causes of the Holocaust?
3. Kristallnacht (The Night of the Broken Glass)
1. Propagandas: Propaganda is the use of the media to aggressively promote one point of view. The effect on this act was that Hitler brainwashed the public convincing them of his ideological viewpoint. The Nazis propaganda methods were posters, radio, films and newspapers. For example in school, little children would be brainwashed so they can follow Hitler's ideology. The Nazis also used propaganda to cover whatever Hitler did wrong without any of the Germans knowing.
2. Anti-Semitism: Anti-Semitism are any ideas or actions which promote hatred of Jewish people. In Hitler's book Mein Kampf he argued that the German Aryan race is more superior to all others. According to Hitler , the Jews were responsible for everything he did not like , including modern art, pornography and prostitution. He also allegedly said that the Jews were taking over the country but the Jewish population in Germany was only 1%. When Hitler was in power he started to express his anti-Semitic belief. On 1st April 1933 boycott of Jewish owned shops took place. Members of SA stroked the shops to certify that the boycott was successful. Hostility towards Jews increased dramatically in Germany. For example many shops and restaurants had second thoughts on whether they should serve the Jewish population. Jews were also banned from some parts of the country such as public parks, swimming-pools and public transport. Germans were also persuaded not to service Jewish doctors and lawyers.
3. Kristallnacht (The Night Of The Broken Glass): Kristallnacht was an event that was organized by the NSDAP which had happened in Paris on 10th November 1938. The whole event was about a young Jewish refugee who had murdered a German diplomat. The effects on this event were that 7,500 Jewish shops were destroyed and 400 synagogues were burnt. 91 Jews were killed and 20000 Jews were sent to concentration camps. Members of the SA were punished for the crimes committed on the night of the broken glass because they had broken the Nuremberg laws on sexual intercourse with the Aryans and Jews. After the Kristallnacht 250000 Jews had left the country but anti-Semitism did not leave Germany. Over a thousand people had loss their jobs because minister of education, Bernhard Rust had purged the universities of Jews; he claimed that "we must have a new Aryan generation at the universities, or else we will lose our future". 500000 Jews were killed in Russia and Poland by the SS by the end of 1941.
JEWS ARRESSTED DURING THE KRISTALNACHT AT THE CONCENTRATION CAMPS
SHATTERED STOREFRONT OF A JEWISH-OWNED SHOP DESTROYED DURING KRISTALLNACHT
A GERMAN SOLDIER HAVING FUN CUTTING AN ELDERLY JEW 'S BEARD IN POLAND