The Holocaust

1933-1945

what was the holocaust?

The Holocaust was an awful, historical and emotional event that occurred in 1933-1945. The Holocaust was the German government- sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazis. German authorities also persecuted other groups like: Gypsies, the disabled, Poles, Russians, Communists, Socialists, Jehovah's Witnesses and homosexuals. In the final months of the war, SS guards would purge the targeted groups to concentration camps.

What were the causes of the Holocaust?

1. Propagandas

2. Anti-Semitism

3. Kristallnacht (The Night of the Broken Glass)

THE EFFECTS?

1. Propagandas: Propaganda is the use of the media to aggressively promote one point of view. The effect on this act was that Hitler brainwashed the public convincing them of his ideological viewpoint. The Nazis propaganda methods were posters, radio, films and newspapers. For example in school, little children would be brainwashed so they can follow Hitler's ideology. The Nazis also used propaganda to cover whatever Hitler did wrong without any of the Germans knowing.


2. Anti-Semitism: Anti-Semitism are any ideas or actions which promote hatred of Jewish people. In Hitler's book Mein Kampf he argued that the German Aryan race is more superior to all others. According to Hitler , the Jews were responsible for everything he did not like , including modern art, pornography and prostitution. He also allegedly said that the Jews were taking over the country but the Jewish population in Germany was only 1%. When Hitler was in power he started to express his anti-Semitic belief. On 1st April 1933 boycott of Jewish owned shops took place. Members of SA stroked the shops to certify that the boycott was successful. Hostility towards Jews increased dramatically in Germany. For example many shops and restaurants had second thoughts on whether they should serve the Jewish population. Jews were also banned from some parts of the country such as public parks, swimming-pools and public transport. Germans were also persuaded not to service Jewish doctors and lawyers.



3. Kristallnacht (The Night Of The Broken Glass): Kristallnacht was an event that was organized by the NSDAP which had happened in Paris on 10th November 1938. The whole event was about a young Jewish refugee who had murdered a German diplomat. The effects on this event were that 7,500 Jewish shops were destroyed and 400 synagogues were burnt. 91 Jews were killed and 20000 Jews were sent to concentration camps. Members of the SA were punished for the crimes committed on the night of the broken glass because they had broken the Nuremberg laws on sexual intercourse with the Aryans and Jews. After the Kristallnacht 250000 Jews had left the country but anti-Semitism did not leave Germany. Over a thousand people had loss their jobs because minister of education, Bernhard Rust had purged the universities of Jews; he claimed that "we must have a new Aryan generation at the universities, or else we will lose our future". 500000 Jews were killed in Russia and Poland by the SS by the end of 1941.

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The end of the Holocaust

SS guards shifted camp inmates by train or on forced marches generally called "death marches" in attempt to stop the American Allies setting free the large numbers of prisoners, in the final months of the war. Between 1948 and 1951, about 700,000 Jews moved to Israel, as well as 136,000 Jewish deranged people from Europe. The rest of the Jews moved to the United States and other countries.

What about the peoples feelings?!

Most of the European Jewish communities were desolated over the crimes that were committed during the Holocaust and which also wiped out hundreds of Jewish communities in Eastern Europe thoroughly.

Bibliography

-from my book


-http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007697


-http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/theholocaust


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holocaust