Cells and Organelles

by Devon Jackson

Plasma/Cell Membrane

The plasma/cell membrane is a double layer of phospholioids, and it's function is to separate the cell from outside structures, and it is present in both animals and plants.

Cell Wall

The call wall is a rigid layer of polysaccarides called cellulose, and it protects cells and helps give shape, and it is present in plants.
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Cytoplasm

Cytoplasm is the fluid spreadout through a cell, and its function is to contain the inside of the cell, and it is present in both animals and plants.
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Nucleus

The Nucleus is a dark spot close to the center of a cell, and its function is to act as the brain of the cell. It is present in both animals and plants.
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Nuclear Membrane

The Nuclear membrane is the substance surrounding the nucleus, and its function is to separate the nucleus from the cytoplasm. Present in both animals and plants.
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Nucleolus

The Nucleolus sits inside the nucleus, and its function is to makeproteins and rewrite ribosome RNA. Present in both animals and plants.
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Centrioles

Centrioles are two small organelles found in every animal cell that help organize the assembly of microtubules during cell division.
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Chromatin

Chromatin are longs strands of DNA that strengthen DNA, and to compress it into smaller volumes, and it is present in both plants and animals.
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Ribosomes

Ribosomes are small, grainlike blobs that help with protein synthesis in a cell, which makes making proteins. It is present in both animals and plants.
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Golgi apparratus

The Golgi complex is an organelle that appears like stacked pancakes, and its function is to serve as a shipping deparment for a cell, and it is present in both animals and plants.
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Endoplasmic reticulum

The E.R is a double walled space that zigzags through the cytoplasm, and its purpose is to act as a packaging system to work closely with shipping with the Golgi complex
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Mitochrondia

Mitochrondia are jelly bean like structures that burn sugars and act as the engine of a cell found in both animals and plants.
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Chloroplast

Chloroplasts are the green organelles inside of a plant and their function is to help conduct photosynthesis by absorbing light.
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Lysosomes

Lysosomes are small membrane sacs that serve as a garbage disposal of a cell and help digest food in animals
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Peroxisomes

Peroxisomes are small vesicles found around the cell that break down toxic nutrients in a cell, being similar to lysosomes, and they are found in both animal and plant cells.
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Vacuole

Vacuoles are large bodies of water in a cell that serve as a refridgerator for a cell, and it is found in both animals and plants.
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Cytoskeleton

A cytoskeleton is the framework of a cell, and it helps a cell with shape, support, and movement. Present in both animals and plants.
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