Religions Project

How people live there lives

JUDAISM


    Moses was the main founder of Judaism, but Jews can trace their history back as far as Abraham.


      The Torah is the Holy Book of Judaism and is made of first five books of the Old Testament (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy). They are also called The Pentateuch.

      The origins of Judaism were in the Bronze Age.


      Jewish religious movements sometimes called denominations or branches, include different groups. It has spread to Ashkenazi communitys.


    Religious Beliefs. Judaism was the first tradition to teach monotheism, the belief that there's only one God. As Judaism evolved, the idea of God evolved, too, focusing on a single God.



In Judaism, rituals and rules include things of their beliefs.


Final resting place is heaven or hell according to their beliefs.

HINDUISM

There was no founder of Hinduism. It was a belief system that grew over the years.


    Vedas

    The most ancient sacred texts of the Hindu religion were the Vedas. Hinduism does not just have one sacred book but several books. The Vedas helps Hindus in their daily life. They also helps to keep the religious beliefs of family and society.


      Hinduism was born in India, but it was not founded by one individual. Rather, it is a mix of many religious beliefs and philosophical ideas. Hinduism is said to be a religion of a million and one gods. Its origins are mixed and complex.

      Hinduism never really moved to other countrys, because of things like the caste system, it was quite hard for people who are part of Hinduism to spread across the world.


        Beliefs of Hindus.


        • Truth is eternal.
        • Brahman is Truth and Reality.
        • The Vedas are the ultimate authority.
        • Everyone should strive to achieve dharma.
        • Individual souls are immortal.
        • The goal of the individual soul is moksha.


          Hindu practices include rituals such as puja and recitations, meditation, and rites of passage.


          The Hindu Code of Conduct is made up of rules, some are called Yama 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10.


          In some Hindu traditions, burial is an accepted form for the final resting place of the body. The final resting place is also being a Brahman after earning that place after committing your life to Hinduism and not being bad.


          Practicing this religion effects the daily lives of its followers by having them have to follow the certain rules, and the caste system is a really big part of what affects the daily lives of Hindus, if you are in a low caste you are poor and seen as untouchable and can never go up in the caste system. If you are in a high caste you are rewarded by being rich.



BUDDHISM


    Buddhism, founded in the late 6th century B.C.E. by Siddhartha Gautama (the "Buddha"), is an important religion in most of the countries of Asia.

    The Tibetan Book of the Dead was one of their holy books.

    The origin of Buddism started with one man named Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha , who was born in Lumbini during the 5th century BCE.


    Buddhism spread throughout Asia.



      The basic doctrines of early Buddhism are the four noble truths.


      Buddhas practices are mostly meditation.



      The final resting place in Buddism is nirvana.

      Buddism affects people's daily lives by having them medetate and try to reach nirvana all the time, that's a big factor of their daily lives.




CONFUCIANISM


    The philosopher Confucius is founder of Confucianism,



      Chu Hsi designated four texts containing the central ideas of Confucian thoughts. Two chapters from the Book of Rites.


      Mencius further spread its teachings among the people. Like Confucius,

      Mencius' teachings were collected in a book named Mencius.

      It spread from China to Korea, Japan, and Vietnam and gained the interest of Western scholars.

      K'ang Yu-wei, a leader of the Confucian reform movement.



        Confucianism was the code of ethics made as the official religion of most of the great empires in the region since the Han Dynasty. Everybody has some sort of religious belief. Confucianism provides a simple skeleton of ethical and religious beliefs that most Chinese flesh out by other religions such as Daoism.

        The practice of Confucianism can involve various forms of temple and ancestor worship, but does not have much religious beliefs. Mostly fundamental.


        Confucianism affects people's daily lives because they are a certain lifestyle to follow.





















CHRISTIANITY

The founder of Christianity was a man named Jesus Christ. He was born in Bethlehem, Judea.

The holy book of Christianity is the holy bible which is the book that Christians use in worship and it's what they get their beliefs from.

Many of Jesus's followers spreaded Christianity across the Mediterranean using the roads which was built by the Romans to travel safely to many settlements and cities.


They had a code of conduct which was called the Ten Commandments, which was something all Christians had to follow. "You shall have no other gods before me."

"You shall not make idols." "You shall not take the name of the lord, your God, in vain."

"Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy." "Honor your mother and father." "You shall not murder." "You shall not commit adultery." "You shall not steal." "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor." "You shall not covet." Those are the rules Christians have to follow. Christainity affects th life's of Christians daily because they have to church every Sunday, they have to pray before meals, they have to be a good person, donating money and such. Thats what Christians have to do in their religion.



ISLAM

The founder of Islam was the prophet Muhammed.

The holy book of Islam is the Qur'an, the book the Muslims use to practice their religion.

It started in the the country of Arabia, in the Middle East.

Islam spread from the Middle East to other places across the world like Africa and Europe.

The people of Islam believe in the 5 pillars which are the rules they must follow. The 5 pillars of Islam are 1. You must pray 5 times a day facing Mecca. 2. Fasting for Ramadan. 3. Everyone must travel to Mecca once in lifetime. 4. Giving to the poor and being a good person overall. 5. You must only believe in one God only and his name is Allah. Muslims believe when they did they will ether go to heaven or hell.

Practicing Islam affects people who practice it because they have to follow the rules of Islam.