Music speaks aloud in Baroque Era!!
Let's learn about how music can speak!!
The Sonata, a type of instrument played
The Sonata is one of the most common instrumental pieces in the Baroque Era. It consisted of contrasting sections in one to six instrumental parts. There were two types of Sonatas, the Sonata de Camera, which was a chamber music form and the Sonata da Chiesa, which was more serious and adhered to the rules of counterpoint. The most often used combination of instruments in a Sonata during the Baroque Era was a trio Sonata, written or two violins and a keyboard instrument. The Sonata was one of the most common and important instrument pieces.
The court music director, the composers
Composers who worked in courts, were generally music directors. It was important for them to gain and maintain the favor of the aristocrats, who they served. Their pay and was greater than before. They normally had to oversee court musicians, manage the music library and instruments, and train musicians. They had very little freedom and were considered barely above servants in social status.
Advances in instrument making
The Baroque Era was the first era in which instrumental music was as important as vocal music. Advancements in making instruments occurred during the Baroque Era. At this time, string instruments were made using gut as string and woodwind instruments were all made of wood. Unlike today, trumpets were still evolving at this time and were used in a solo role in the orchestra, because of their volume.
Forms of composition written
Forms of solo music written for keyboard instruments during the Baroque Era can be divided into two categories. Free forms and structured forms, such as the preclude, included embellishment, and a feeling of improvisation, although the piece was notated. In a preclude, a simple melody is written and then embellished and expended upon, and it sometimes served as an introduction to a group of dance pieces. Structured forms were written to the rules of counterpoint, a form of harmony popular during the Baroque Era.
Purpose of music written for instuments
The Sonata was written, because it was used for two violins and a keyboard instrument. One type of Sonata is, Sonata da Chiesa, which was more serious and adhered to the rules of counterpoint. The Concerto was written for a solo instrument, often played by a virtuoso performer and a group of instruments. The Concerto was originally an Italian form, but was dispersed to Europe and was embraced by German composers.