By: Andrew Hull and Jennifer Icenhour

What is BioEthanol?

Bio-ethanol is where scientists enable all parts of the plant to be used in bio-fuel production, instead of just the sugary, starchy or oily parts. For example, trees, grasses, forestry waste and wood chippings could be used. Trees like willow and poplar, and grasses such as miscanthus and switchgrass are amongst the most promising crops that can be grown specifically to make bio-ethanol, using these new technologies.


Advantages and Disadvantages

Some advantages of this are Willow, Poplar, Switch grass, and Miscanthus grow quick. Also it increases greenhouse gas emissions. Some people may argue against this by saying If forestry waste is used to make bio-fuel it cannot be used as a natural fertilizer to provide soil with important materials. But it also minimizes soil and water pollution.
Also land that is unsustainable for growing food crops could be used to grow these trees and grasses meaning that food production would usually not be threatened by the bio-fuel crops.