Chile

The Longest Country in the World

Background Information

The capital of Chile is Santiago. The major cities include Santiago itself, Puente Alto, Antofagasta, and Viña del Mar. A few centuries ago, Chile was under the control of Spain, however, Chile gained its independence on September 18, 1810. It is an independent nation to this day. The country's official language is Spanish.

Chile's Flag

Chile's flag has red, white, and blue parts on it, much like the flag of the United States. The blue part of the flag has a white star.

Geographical Information

Chile is located in Southern South America, featuring low coastal mountains, and the Andes Mountains towards the east of Chile.

Political and Economic Information

Chile has a Republican government, which is led by Michelle Bachelet. Chile's main currency is the Chilean peso. The economic system Chile uses is Capitalism.

Tourist Information

Chile's main tourist attraction is Easter Island, which is filled with tons of statues called moais. Tourists should go to Easter Island to see the sights and try out the great diving and surfing spots on the island. Tourists can also visit Cerro San Cristóbal for the amazing view, and Pucón for all sorts of sports and recreational activities.

Fun Facts!

  • Chile has the largest annual fireworks show in all of South America.
  • Chile may derive its name from the indigenous Mapuche word chilli, which may mean “where the land ends.”
  • Chile is the longest country in the world from north to south at 2,647 miles (4,620 km) long and extends across 38 degrees of latitude.