History of Argentina
The history of Argentina is divided by historians into four main parts: the pre-Colombian time or early history (up to the sixteenth century), the colonial period (1530–1810), the period of the nation-building (1810 to 1880), and the history of modern Argentina (from around 1880).
Prehistory in the present territory of Argentina began with the first human settlements on the southern tip of Patagonia around 13,000 years ago. Written history began with the arrival of Spanish chroniclers in the expedition of Juan Diaz de Solis in 1516 to the Rio de la Plata, which marks the beginning of Spanish domination in this region.
In 1776 the Spanish Crown established the Vice royalty of the Rio de la Plata, an umbrella of territories from which, with the Revolution of May 1810, began a process of gradual formation of several independent states, including one called the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata. With the declaration of independence on July 9, 1816 and the military defeat of the Spanish Empire in 1824, a federal state was formed in 1853-1861, known today as the Republic of Argentina.
Capital of Argentina
players and Athletes
Argentine industries have had in this century a huge development, the decisive factor was the Second World War. Although its recent evolution, manufacturing activities as making wine, oil, textiles and leather tanning, and were developed from the colonial era.
Since 1990, pursuant to Law Reform, the government began to carry out a process of privatization with the sale of public enterprises, which included in the industrial, other petrochemical industry, oil refineries, naval workshops, steel mills , military factories and other manufactures. This phase of major private national and foreign investment, manifested in the establishment of new industries and the purchase or merger of existing also starts.
The population of the Republic Argentina according to the census of 27 October 2010 that made the INDEC amounted to 40,117,096 inhabitants, with an average density of 14.4 inhabitants / km (without considering the claimed area of Argentina and Antarctica South Atlantic Islands).
It is a country with low population density, highly concentrated in the Greater Buenos Aires (38.9%), mainly urban and a large proportion of people aged over 60 (14.3%). Have high rates of life expectancy (75.3 years) and literacy (98.1%).
Register diversified social and labor rates that are coupled to the position and territorial distribution. The rate of infant mortality is 11.1 ‰ ( 2012 ). 1 The unemployment rate is 7.1% (INDEC, second quarter 2012 ) ,. two rates of poverty by 2010, according to ECLAC reaches 8.6% while poverty reaches 2.8% 3 4 5 (first half 2009 ). 6
Argentina's current population is a direct result of the offspring of the great wave of immigration , which occurred between 1850 and 1955 , which provided inputs especially from Europe , the Near and Middle East , Russia and Japan . To this is added the contribution of the Native , Asian (Near, Middle and Far East), and black(taken as slaves to the territory that today makes Argentina). 7 8 9
Also, there are people who only have one of these ancestries, especially in the case of the direct descendants of the Far East Asian, and European. Argentina is considered a "country of immigration" because of massive migration flows received over time, mainly from Europe, emphasizing primarily Italians, Spanish, Germans and Poles. Currently, receives Asian immigrants ( China and South Korea ), a lot of countries in South America closer, especially from Paraguay , Bolivia , Peru and to a lesser extent Colombia , Chile and Uruguay .
Argentina's agriculture is relatively capital intensive, currently provides about 7% of all employment, and even during their rule in 1900, representing no more than a third of the workforce. Having accounted for almost 20% of GDP as late as 1959, he says, directly, less than 10% today. agricultural products, however, whether raw or processed, still earn more than half of the currencies of Argentina, and will undoubtedly remain an essential pillar of the country's social progress and economic prosperity. It is estimated that 10-15% of Argentina's farmland is foreign owned.
A quarter of Argentina's exports are destined for the United States $ 86 billion in 2011 consists of unprocessed primary agricultural goods, mainly soybeans, wheat and corn. Another third consists of processed agricultural products, such as oils animal feed, flour and vegetables. The organization of the national government in charge of the supervision of agriculture is the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Food (Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Food, SAG PyA).
Argentina has a lot of culture
has great athletes that play sports