Parental Involvement

6 Types of Parental Involvement

  1. Parenting - Schools giving information to parents about development of their child and suggesting activities to do with them at home.
  2. Communication- When the school sends out newsletters, report cards, etc. to let a parent know how their child is doing and what is going on at the school.
  3. Volunteering - Efforts to have the parents involved in volunteer opportunities at the school.
  4. Learning at Home- The school's effort to have the parents involved with academic activities with their child at home.
  5. Decision-Making - The school reaching out to parents to be involved in school organizations to help with making policies.
  6. Community Collaboration - Having the parents be involved with businesses and organizations around the area who are in turn involved with school activities.
Parent Involvement Matters!

How Much Are Parents Actually Involved in a Middle School Student's Education?

As students transition into middle school, parents become less and less involved in their child's education.

Reasons why parents are not as involved:

  • subjects may get too challenging for the parents
  • some parents think their middle school children can succeed on their own
  • some parents think that middle school teachers do not need parent volunteers in their classrooms
  • keeping up with different teachers can be a task for some parents

What is the best type of parental involvement for middle school students?

The best type of parental involvement is creating an environment for continued learning at home:

  • SEDL found this to be true in their study on parental involvement.
  • This continued learning increases student achievement more directly than other methods of involvement.

What can teachers do to increase parental involvement?

The Three Effective Middle School Interdisciplinary Teams:

Theme 1

Believe that parental involvement is essential to student success.

Theme 2

Are open and approachable to parents.

Theme 3

Serve as a resource to the parents of adolescents.

Theme 4

Approach problem-solving opportunities with parents as a team instead of individuals.

(School Community Journal 2013)


Dervarics, C., & O'Brien, E. (2011, August 11). Back to school: How parent involvement affects student achievement (full report). Retrieved February 05, 2016, from Involvement/Parent-Involvement.html

Four Myths about Parent Involvement in Middle School. (2014). Retrieved February 08, 2016, from

Lam, B. T., & Ducreux, E. (2013). Parental Influence and Academic Achievement among Middle School Students: Parent Perspective. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 23(5), 579-590. Retrieved January 15, 2016.

Pate, E., & Andrews, G. (n.d.). Parental Involvement. Retrieved January 15, 2016, from

Robbins, C., & Searby, L. (2013). Exploring Parental Involvement Strategies Utilized by Middle School Interdisciplinary Teams. School Community Journal, 23(2), 113-136. Retrieved January 15, 2016.

Smith, J., Wohlstetter, P., Kuzin, C. A., & De Pedro, K. (2011). Parent Involvement in Urban Charter Schools: New Strategies for Increasing Participation. The School Community Journal, 21(1), 71-94. Retrieved February 06, 2016.

Starr, L. (n.d.). Activities to promote parent involvement. Retrieved February 09, 2016, from

Warner, C. H. (2010). Emotional Safeguarding: Exploring the Nature of Middle-Class Parents’ School Involvement1. Sociological Forum, 25(4), 703-724. Retrieved February 06, 2016.