Civil Rights Movement

By: Hanah Cronin

journey to the movement

The Civil Rights movement began in the early to mid 50's when African Americans decided that they were done being "separate but equal". In reality they everything but equal. They were not given equal schooling, housing, payment, or rights. The CRM contributed greatly to the United States being a more accepting and equal society. Because of the many men and women who did sit-in after sit-in, march after march, and those who gave their lives; we now have today's America. Throughout the remainder of this article there will be information presented about those who fought for equality and gave African American's safer lives.

how we got there

One of the main events of the Civil Rights movement was the Montgomery Bus Boycott. It first started when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in the front of the bus to a white man. To protest the segregation of busses all African Americans stopped riding the bus for almost a whole year. This caused the entire economy of the town to suffer because the majority of bus riders were African American, it also affected the restaurants and stores because no one could get there unless they walked. In the end the court decided to desegregate the busses and they were back in business.

Another big event was Brown v. Board of Education. A young girl named Linda Brown was unable to attend an all white school that was right down the street and was forced to walk almost two miles to get to school everyday. Her parents; along with help from the NAACP, sued the school. On May 17, 1954 segregation was banned in schools because it violated the clause from the 14th amendment.

Lastly, one of the big events that occurred during the Civil Rights Movement was the Crisis In Little Rock. In September 1957 nine African American teens were sent to attended Little Rock High School. The white townspeople didn't like the fact that they were going to be attending school with their children. The Little Rock nine ended up not attending school until a few weeks after it had started. The National Guard was sent to protect the children from threats and being bullied, sadly it didn't help very much and the teens were still treated unkindly.

the Unsung hero

Emmett Till was the boy who made everyone aware of how African Americans were being treated in the South and all over America. One summer he was traveling from Chicago to visit his great uncle who lived in Mississippi. He was told things were different in the South but he didn't realize how different. He was said to have told a white women who worked in a local store "Bye baby". This simple fraise determined the remaining days to his life. Two white men snuck into his uncle's house and kidnapped Till. They beat him to death with a bat and shot him in the head. The were taken to court basically told the judge they killed him and they were let off scotch free because they were white.

Henry Dee was a 19 year old kid who had decided to go down to Mississippi for the Young Freedom Summer job opportunity. Little did he know that was a big mistake. He and Charles Moore were killed by the White Knights (part of the KKK). Their bodies were discovered in the Mississippi River during a search for three Civil Rights Workers who were white. Two members of the White Knights were arrested for the crime and shortly confessed to the murders but the judge dismissed the case for a reason that was unknown.

"Uncle Tom's Cabin" Warrant

Just for the record Lets get the story straight Me and Uncle Tom were fishing It was getting pretty late Out on a cypress limb Above the wishin' well where they say it got no bottom Say it take you down to hell Over in the bushes And off to the right Come two men talkin In the pale moon light Sheriff John Brady and Deputy Hedge Haulin' two limp bodies Down to the water's edge I know a secret down at Uncle Tom's Cabin, oh yeah I know a secret that I just can't tell They didn't see me and Tom In the trees Neither one believing What the other could see Tossed in the bodies let 'em sink on down To the bottom of the well Where they'd never be found CHORUS I know a secret down at Uncle Tom's Cabin I know a secret that I just can't tell I know a secret down at Uncle Tom's Cabin Know who put the bodies in the wishing well Soon as they were gone Me and Tom got down Pray' real hard That we wouldn't make a sound Runing throught he woods Back to Uncle Tom's shack Where the full moon shines Through the roof tile cracks Oh my God, Tom, who are we gonna tell The sheriff he belongs in a prison cell Keep your mouth shut That's what we're gonna do Unless you wanna wind up In the wishin' well too CHORUS Oh yeah, ha ch ch ch cha

Review of "Uncle tom's cabin"

This song relates directly to many situations during the Civil Rights period. The title itself is a symbol because the boys in the song are staying at their uncles cabin. The title of the song is also a title of a book that talks about the underground railroad during the slavery period of America. The boys witness the police dumping two bag into the river which are more than likely two bodies of African Americans. The police system is corrupt because they are also very racist f\so they are more than willing to cover up the murders. They boys say they are praying they don't make a sound on their way back to the cabin because they don't want the police to know they saw, then it would be them in the bags being dumped.