Eli Whitney

The Industrial Revolution

Biography

Eli Whitney was born on December 8, 1765. He attended Yale with intentions of becoming a lawyer, until he graduated and became a tutor in South Carolina. His journey lead him to meet a woman, Catherine Greene, who offered him more than his current salary to read law at her Mulberry Grove plantation. With the help of Greene he discovered his idea for the cotton gin (gin-short for engine), a tool used to easily separate the fibers in cotton. Once Greene presented the cotton gin to wealthy cotton farmers, they all scrambled for this amazing machine that could produce more cotton in one hour, than a multitude of workers could produce in one day. The cotton gin is the reason we could call America "King of Cotton", it made the South of America very profitable through slavery.

http://www.neoamericanist.org/paper/wynveen-paper-cotton-gin-antebellum-america

http://www.biography.com/people/eli-whitney-9530201

Mini Bio: Eli Whitney

Cause and development of the Industrial Revolution in Britain

The Industrial Revolution was caused by the urbanization of most areas in Britain, reacting in an upheaval of the building of roads, canals, and railways. Which overall resulted in the lessening of more rural areas that produced agriculture. Coal was used as the "main power" or the starting cause of the Industrial Revolution. Britain in this case was very wealthy in the coal department, as well as smaller businesses that used wood as an alternative.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/0/20979973

Positive/negative effects of Industrialism on cities

Positive:

1. Education: The government required children to be in school for a certain number of hours, thus raising the knowledge of children who had to work in factories due to poverty.

2. Inventions: People began to notice certain necessities that were not present in their everyday lives. This, during the Industrial Revolution, caused an outbreak of inventors who had ideas to to make the world better with their inventions (ex. steamboats, x-rays, telephone, electricity).

3.Classes: Although the very few lower class suffered, the middle and higher classes thrived. The classes eventually became merged to become the evolutionary version of old times' lower, middle, and upper.

Negative:

1. Urbanization: Caused an increase in population, which in turns caused an increase in the pollution of the air, water, and other natural resources.

2. Child Labor: Children began having to work in factories trying to help provide for their families, resulting in less time in the classroom (which caused a re-occurring pattern in children and grandchildren).

3. Coal Mines: Although the coal mines provided a plethora a jobs for needy workers, they were also extremely dangerous and had high death rates on the job.

http://lhaldenss9.blogspot.com/2012/10/positive-and-negative-effects-of.html

Positive/negative effects of industrialism on rural life/environment

Industrialism promoted the ideas of new roads, railways, and canals. It caused the destruction of huge forests and diminished agriculture, resulting in the downfall of land that was covered in fields, pastures, and forests. Soon materials that used to be plentiful began to shrink, as European's started to buy to alternate places.

Textbook

Poor working conditions

The Industrial Revolution caused a plethora of jobs that gave the average working man, woman, and child the opportunity to make a living (metalworkers, machinists, and carpenters. The minority population worked in factories with little breaks and long work days. In response to extreme poverty families were forced to enter their children into the harsh conditions of working in factories as early as five or six.

Textbook

Industrial Revolution in Britain vs. Industrial Revolution in US

British economics' incline was in response to their buying from colonies. The United States had different resources then Britain, such as wood. The US also had less labor due to more rural areas with residents that wished to maintain rural farms; instead of more urban areas.

Textbook

http://www.clemson.edu/caah/history/FacultyPages/PamMack/lec122sts/hobsbawm7.html

How is imperialism related to industrialism?

Imperialism: a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. During the industrial revolution a heavy amount of weaponry(artillery and iron warships) was created in order to protect the empire that was built by the industrial revolution. Imperialism overall defended what the industrial revolution create.

Textbook

http://www.clemson.edu/caah/history/FacultyPages/PamMack/lec122sts/hobsbawm7.html

Adam Smith's capitalism vs. Karl Marx's communist theory

Communism promoted the idea that everything was equal and that everyone received a fair share or "being one". Marx did not prefer capitalism because he recognized that the upper and lower classes where 'stuck', while the government held the upper hand in power. Adam believed in the capitalist way, where the government has little to intervention and the people pretty much take care of themselves.

http://sites.google.com/site/coldwarzoew/adam-smith-vs-karl-marx