West Nile Virus

Mosquito-Borne Virus

Suspect's Description

  • The West Nile Virus contains a positive single stranded genome.
  • The structural proteins are capsid, envelope, and pre-membrane proteins.
  • The West Nile Virus enters the cell through receptor-mediated endocytosis.
  • The scientific name for the West Nile Virus is Flavivirus Genus.


  • Those who contract the virus will have a fever, headache, body aches, stomach aches, a rash and fatigue.
  • Once the virus is in the bloodstream, it attacks the central nervous system and weakens the immune system.
  • This disease can lead to encephalitis.
  • Unfortunately, this virus can be a serious deadly infection.


  • The virus penetrates a cell membrane and eject its genetic material into the cell.
  • The viral DNA/RNA takes control of important cell processes.
  • The cell breaks, releasing new viral particles that infect other cells.


  • Victims who contracts the virus are animals and humans.
  • The most common victims are birds.
West Nile Virus - an explainer

Hide Out

  • The virus is mostly found in the Middle East.
  • The host cell is a living cell in which a virus multiplies.


  • The virus may have devastating effects such as, swelling of the brain, and nerve damage.
  • The damage may cause long-term mental or physical problems depending on the area in which the brain was infected.

Crime Stoppers

  • To avoid the virus, use insect repellents whenever you're outdoors or wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants when mosquitos are most active.
  • There are no specific treatments to eliminate the virus. Victims often are hospitalized and receive intravenous fluids, pain medication, and nursing care.